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Health

The Current Health curriculum was adopted be the School Board on May 14, 2018.  The adoption process followed the procedures outlined in the Instructional Materials Selection Administrative Regulation II/IIA-AR

Health Curriculum

BSD Best Practices in Health Instruction

When observing health instruction in the Beaverton School District, one should see aspects of each of the following practices:

 Purpose -  A comprehensive health program teaches concepts and tools, is age and developmentally appropriate, and follows a K-12 learning progression.  The health program engages students deeply in the learning process, connects to standards, broader purpose, and transferable skills.

Lessons are structured based on health content standards that are intentional, relevant, comprehensive, and designed to help students learn and apply transferable knowledge and skills.

The learning targets are measurable, clear, and displayed in student friendly language.

Lessons are created with cultural awareness including academic background and life experiences as the basis of teaching points for all students in order to ensure their success.

The learning targets, communicated through verbal and visual strategies, are used as the basis for students to check their understanding.

Provide opportunities for students to show their understanding, self-reflect, and apply their learning in meaningful and relevant context.

Student Engagement - An effective health learning environment supports student engagement in the three dimensions of health learning (mental/emotional, physical and social).

The health teacher promotes inquiry that facilitates skill development.

The health teacher serves as a facilitator of learning, creating opportunities where students respond to peers and teacher to support learning around health literacy and standards.

The health teacher is flexible and responsive in instructional strategies, while maintaining rigor during the lesson.         

The health teacher’s expectations and strategies engage all students in work of high cognitive demand that focuses on understanding and application of health learning targets.

Students are productively collaborating, participating in quality discourse, and taking ownership of their learning in ways that support their health learning targets.

Students will express, clarify, justify, interpret and/or represent their ideas with others through meaningful discourse and productive academic talk.

Curriculum & Pedagogy - Curriculum and instruction engages all students with authentic, meaningful, and holistic approaches to health and wellness through the inclusion of functional information on a variety of health topics.

The health education curriculum is sequential, comprehensive and planned  from grades K-12 and the instruction offers multiple opportunities for students to engage in discourse around health related topics, targets, and standards.

The health education curriculum goals clearly demonstrate a focus on developing the skills necessary for health literacy and health-enhancing behaviors.

Students are provided with clear expectations and expected outcomes for skill development, along with opportunities to practice and receive feedback based on those outcomes.

The curriculum includes up-to-date, medically and scientifically accurate, and age and developmentally appropriate information that is culturally responsive and connects to students’ home, neighborhood, community and culture.

The health teacher provides adequate instruction time, multiple opportunities, differentiated instruction, adaptations/modifications and resources to ensure student achievement, self-reliance, self-advocacy, and problem solving skills.

Lessons integrate technology to enhance instruction in meaningful and appropriate ways.

Instruction promotes student led inquiry into transdisciplinary themes around health related concepts and standards.

Assessment for Student Learning - The use of formative and summative assessments in health education are designed to measure students’ functional knowledge acquisition and skill performance.

Clearly articulated formative, summative, and performance-based assessments are designed and implemented to measure student growth and proficiency of learning targets.

Performance-based assessments will be given to allow students to demonstrate functional knowledge and skills with real world application.

The health teacher designs and implements assessments that measure student achievement of curricular objectives and has an observable system for recording data.

Students are using assessment data to monitor their progress toward proficiency.

The health teacher will use student data from formative, summative and performance- assessments to measure the effectiveness of the curriculum and instruction.

Assessments are reviewed  and updated regularly to reflect current research-based practices.

Classroom Environment & Culture - Teachers will create a supportive, inclusive, challenging, and caring learning environment.  Students will be provided with clear feedback, relevant activities, and opportunities to safely share their thoughts and opinions.  All students, without exception, are acknowledged, appreciated, valued, and respected.

The health teacher creates an environment that is inclusive and supportive of all students, and is cognizant of race, ethnic origin, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion or physical ability.

The health teacher’s interactions with students foster freedom of expression by encouraging respect and acceptance of others’ responses.

The health teacher develops and maintains a positive learning environment in which all students feel emotionally, socially and physically safe.

The health teacher establishes norms that recognize personal biases and encourage appreciation for varied perspectives.

Resources are made available that are inclusive of student needs, representative of student populations, and accessible to students of various cultures, languages, and identities (e.g. class libraries, technologies, student created posters, multi-lingual labels, and diagrams).

The health teacher provides guidance and support for students to engage in critical thinking within difficult topics using the BSD Difficult Questions Protocol, specifically the spectrum/ continuum strategy to acknowledge all students while simultaneously exposing them to multiple perspectives.

BSD Health Education Position Statement

The academic success of America’s youth is strongly linked with their health. Health literacy is essential for preparing students to be healthy and productive members of our society.  To prepare our students we must promote a skill-based learning model in which students will be able to develop, practice, and personalize the following essential health skills:

●      Comprehends concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health

●      Analyze the influences of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors

●      Access valid information, products, and services to enhance health

●      Use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks

●      Use decision making skills to enhance health

●      Use goal-setting skills to enhance health

●      Practice health enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks

●      Advocate for personal, family, and community health

                                                                        -Oregon Department of Education Health Standards (2016)

Health promoting skills based on the Oregon Health Education Standards and Performance Indicators are critical components of a rigorous and balanced K-12 comprehensive health education program.  To prepare students for success in life we must provide all students with a current, sequential, developmentally appropriate, accessible, diverse, and challenging curriculum that will develop critical thinkers, culturally competent community members, reflective individuals, and intrinsically motivated advocates for health and wellness.  Health instruction that develops conceptual understanding and skills must reflect developmentally age appropriate curriculum, Kindergarten through 12th grade.  Structures within a school will be inclusive to support adequate health instruction and skill development for all students in accordance with state laws. Proficiency on learning targets and ongoing assessment of student progress will inform instruction and assist teachers in helping their students move successfully to the next level of learning. 

In order to best support teachers in implementing an effective health program, purposeful, evidence-based, and ongoing collaborative professional development will be provided to improve educational practices.  At all levels, teachers need access to quality resources that deepen their knowledge, instructional and differentiation skills, and cultural competency to meet the needs of our diverse student population.  A combination of materials that use multiple instructional strategies, including evidence-based intervention and extension methods, along with the use of medically accurate and inclusive instructional resources, will be required to successfully reach all students.  Educators must provide students with meaningful multiple opportunities to engage with a variety of skill building tasks that reflect the diverse backgrounds, abilities, and  experiences of each student.  Students should practice and integrate each of the skills using relevant materials, including the most appropriate technology and literature, with multiple paths to challenge them.

Ultimately, health education is achieved through a partnership of all stakeholders: teachers, students, families, administrators, schools, and community.  The task of the Beaverton School District is to create a learning environment in which all students are valued for their diversity, fostered in their wellness development, challenged, and motivated to continue learning and leading a healthy lifestyle throughout their lifetime.

BSD Health Learning Targets

Health Instructional Resources

Instructional Resources

ELEMENTARY

 

Grade K-5 Instructional Resources

The Great Body Shop

  • Great Body Shop Video

K-5 Oregon Elementary Health Education Standards by Grade Level

 

Kindergarten

  • Reproductive System
  • Disease Prevention (HIV/Aids)
  • Sexual Abuse Prevention
  • Gender Identity & Expression

1st Grade

  • Reproductive System

  • Disease Prevention (HIV/Aids)

  • Sexual Abuse Prevention

  • Gender Identity & Expression

2nd Grade

  • Reproductive System
  • Disease Prevention (HIV/Aids)
  • Sexual Abuse Prevention
  • Gender Identity & Expression

3rd Grade

  • Puberty
  • Disease Prevention (HIV/Aids)
  • Sexual Abuse Prevention
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Gender Identity & Expression
  • Reproductive System

4th Grade

  • Sexual & Reproductive Health
  • Puberty
  • Disease Prevention (HIV/Aids)
  • Sexual Abuse Prevention
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Gender Identity & Expression

5th Grade

  • Sexual & Reproductive Health
  • Puberty
  • Disease Prevention (HIV/Aids)
  • Sexual Abuse Prevention
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Gender Identity & Expression
  • Abstinence

 

 

 

 

 

MIDDLE SCHOOL

The following Board Adopted Health Education Instructional Resources are used to create lessons at the High School level that teach to the BSD Learning Targets.  For information regarding when specific lessons will be taught, please contact your student's teacher.  The links below provide information on each of the resources utilized.

In addition to the electronic materials listed here, each school will have available beginning in the fall of 2019, hard copies of all Health instructional resources.  If you would like to make arrangements to review the materials, please contact your student's school.

McGraw Hill   

  • User Name:  HealthDemo
  • Password:  Beaverton

Advocates for Youth - Rights, Respect, Responsibility

Cares Northwest

  • Lessons available at schools

YouthLine

  • Lessons available at schools

SOS Signs of Suicide Prevention Program

  • Lessons available at schools

 

HIGH SCHOOL

The following Board Adopted Health Education Instructional Resources are used to create lessons at the High School level that teach to the BSD Learning Targets.  For information regarding when specific lessons will be taught, please contact your student's teacher.  The links below provide information on each of the resources utilized.

In addition to the electronic materials listed here, each school will have available beginning in the fall of 2019, hard copies of all Health instructional resources.  If you would like to make arrangements to review the materials, please contact your student's school.

McGraw Hill   

  • User Name:  HealthDemo
  • Password:  Beaverton

Advocates for Youth - Rights, Respect, Responsibility

Sexual Assault Resource Center

  • Lessons available at schools

YouthLine

  • Lessons available at schools

SOS Signs of Suicide Prevention Program

  • Lessons available at schools

 

Comprehensive Health Education Guide

ELEMENTARY

Health education is achieved through a partnership of all stakeholders: teachers, students, families, administrators, schools, and community.  The task of the Beaverton School District is to create a learning environment in which all students are valued for their diversity, fostered in their wellness development, challenged, and motivated to continue learning and leading a healthy lifestyle throughout their lifetime.

Controversial Health Issues Policies

Beaverton School District

Controversial Issues Policies

STUDYING CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES–BOARD POLICY

Since our society is based on the free exchange of ideas and diversity of political and social thought, it shall be the policy of this district to encourage unbiased, unprejudiced, and scientific study of controversial issues as they arise as part of the school curriculum. A controversial issue may be defined as any topic or problem which society is in the process of debating, on which there is honest disagreement. Such issues arise when different interpretations are given to a particular set of circumstances. The basic goal in study of controversial questions should be to enable the student to develop techniques for considering such questions techniques which he/she will use habitually in later life. Learning situations shall provide opportunities for the development of clear thinking, balanced judgment, intelligent choices, informed opinion, an ability to differentiate fact from opinion, and an understanding of propaganda devices. Questions treated should come within the range of the knowledge, maturity, and competence of the students. Issues selected for study should be current, significant, and of interest to the students. The teacher has the responsibility of handling controversial issues. The role of the teacher should be such as will reveal to students the processes used by the social scientist with which problems are identified, studied, and solved. The teacher shall avoid indoctrination in his/her own personal viewpoint and shall not attempt to control or limit the judgment of students. The selection of materials, guest speakers and classroom activities in general shall be done with studied impartiality for the purpose of fairly presenting all sides of an issue. The administration of this policy in the schools of the district is the immediate responsibility of the principal under the guidance of procedures established by the superintendent.

END OF POLICY Legal References: ORS 336.067 Code: INB OAR 581-022-1020 Adopted: 12/2/63 OAR 581-022-1910 Readopted: 2/9/98 Orig. Code: 6144 United States Constitution, Amendment I Oregon Constitution, Article 1 Code: INB

 STUDYING CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES–AR Statement Board Policy INB

 Controversial Issues clearly outlines the position of the Board on the introduction of controversial issues and speakers into the classroom.

Procedures

1. At the beginning of the school year, teachers, in conjunction with a building administrator,  will review the policy and guidelines concerning controversial issues and speakers, and will reevaluate the preceding year’s activities as they pertain to the use of controversial resource persons. Implementation of the policy will be evaluated continuously throughout the year to avoid oversights in procedure.

2. The teacher shall notify his/her immediate supervisor and his/her principal concerning the controversial topic he/she plans to introduce and/or the guest speaker he/she plans to utilize in his/her program. It shall be the responsibility of the principal, the department and the teacher to ensure impartiality. When opinions differ as to the advisability of addressing a particular topic or using a particular speaker, the principal shall have the final determination.

3. As appropriate, the teacher shall discuss with the guest before his/her appearance in the classroom the fact that he/she is in a school class and language and behavior should be appropriate for public school students.

4. The teacher must remain with the students while the guest speaker is with the class.

Code: INB-AR Adopted: 7/83 Readopted: 4/1/00 Orig. Code: 6000-15

 CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES/CONTROVERSIAL GUEST SPEAKERS

Q: Can grade 9-12 teachers of health discuss controversial issues?

A: The role of the health teacher is to provide information and assist in building skills which will enable students to make informed decisions and build foundations for healthy lifestyles.  As public school employees, teachers of health are expected to honor the diversity of our community and keep their own personal beliefs in check. 

Although there are a variety of controversial issues which are health related and provide context for discussion and learning, teachers are asked to distinguish between widely shared beliefs or values and controversial issues. The Health Education Question and Answer Protocol is expected to be utilized when controversial issues arise.

Teachers of health are asked to provide instruction that is within the scope of the health education standards/targets health curriculum. Best practices in health education tell us that using the evidence based curriculum adopted by the district is the most effective way to impact student behaviors in a positive way.  When providing instruction in a controversial area, all teachers need to operate within the  parameters of the Board Policy, INB: Studying Controversial Issues.

Q: Can grade 9-12 teachers of health invite in guest speakers on controversial issues?

A:  It shall be both the principal’s and the teacher’s responsibility to insure that the presentation be aligned to the district’s health education standards/targets for that grade level. It is also their responsibility to insure compliance with district policies and state laws. Like the teacher, it is the expectation that the guest speaker share medically and scientifically accurate information. The guest speaker must refrain from indoctrination of their own personal viewpoint and shall not attempt to limit the judgment of students.

Parents must be informed in advance of all guest speakers on controversial issues and an opportunity must be provided to opt their child out of the presentation.

Prior to the event, the teacher shall discuss the parameters of the presentation with the guest speaker. If the guest speaker agrees to the guidelines, the use of district procedures on handling sensitive topics will be expected. If the guest speaker does not stay within the district guidelines, it is the responsibility of the hosting teacher to interrupt, correct or reframe any inappropriate or misinformation. If necessary, it is the responsibility of the hosting teacher to stop the presentation.  The teacher must remain with the students while the guest speaker is with the class.  Arrangements for appropriate supervision shall insure a reasonable adult/student ratio.

BSD HEALTH EDUCATION STAFF GUIDELINES - Guest Speakers from Outside Agencies

The Beaverton School District, with the leadership of the Health Project Team, developed carefully crafted comprehensive health education learning targets aligned to the Oregon State Standards in Health Education. Decisions about the learning targets at specific grade levels were made after much consensus building and community input. It is expected that all presentations by guest speakers from outside agencies comply with grade level learning targets, district policies, philosophy, and state laws. It is also expected that the guest speaker employ the district guidelines for handling sensitive topics.

Teacher  Responsibilities

1. Share the following guidelines with potential presenter and determine if they can present within the following constraints:

a. District Health Education Standards/Targets linked to the presentation

b. The learning targets and curriculum agreements for the grade level(s) of the students

c. The K-12 District Abstinence-Based Statement

d. The Comprehensive Health Education Guide for the appropriate level

2.   IICC-AR Classroom Guest Speaker (speaking to an entire classroom)

Note: School staff must be present at all times, managing the classroom. Guest speakers from the community are a valuable resource for enriching district curricula. Guest speakers who are presenting information to an entire class will not be required to complete a volunteer application and criminal records background check. Guest speakers must adhere to the following:

  1. Information presented must be educational, not promotional.
  2. Presenters are prohibited from gathering personally identifying information from students. It is allowable for presenters to post their name, the name of the organization with which they are affiliated, and phone number, email address, or other contact information. This contact information should be given in a neutral way. It can remain posted throughout the presentation and shall be removed when the presentation is over.
  3. The information presented should be age appropriate and relevant to curriculum and classroom instruction. The information must be presented in a neutral and nondiscriminatory manner.
  4. District representatives have a responsibility for the vetting and the supervision (maintaining a presence) of guest speakers and outside presenters. Building administrators have the authority to cancel or stop presentations deemed to be inappropriate.

3. During the event, if the presenter is not staying within the District guidelines, it is the responsibility of the hosting teacher either to stop the presentation entirely or interrupt it long enough to bring the presentation back in line with the guidelines. The hosting teacher will be expected to correct any misinformation shared with students or reframe it within District guidelines (which may include referring students to parents for further discussion.) The teacher needs to report any of those kinds of situations to the principal immediately.

Administrator Responsibilities

1. Provide notification to parents of a controversial speaker as per Board policy, Administrative Regulations and the Health Education Guidelines for Use of Guest Speakers from outside agencies.

2. Appropriate supervision of students is the joint responsibility of the hosting teacher and the school administration. Ratios of adults to students need to be appropriate to the nature of the event/presentation.

Abstinence-Based Statement

Health Education Abstinence-Based Statement


Abstinence is a key concept in the K-12 Beaverton health education curriculum. The position of Beaverton School District is to support abstinence in a variety of contexts. Abstinence means “voluntarily choosing not to participate in a particular activity.” In the context of human sexuality and HIV/AIDS prevention programs, abstinence refers to choosing not to engage in sexual activity, including other behaviors that contribute to the spread of sexually transmitted disease/infections. Beaverton School District, in accordance with Oregon state laws and rules, mandates abstinence-based sexuality education.*

Abstinence-based sexuality education programs emphasize that abstinence is the only 100% effective way to prevent unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases/infections, HIV/AIDS, and Hepatitis B and C. Abstinence will be emphasized, but not to the exclusion of other materials and instruction on contraceptives and disease prevention methods. Abstinence-based programs are balanced, medically accurate, and include age appropriate information about condom use and other forms of contraception.

The plan of instruction for K-12 shall include information and skills-based teaching strategies that:

●      Promote abstinence for school age youth

●      Provide medically accurate information that is free of race, gender, and ethnic bias.

●      Incorporate refusal skills and decision-making activities

●      Encourage positive family communication and involvement to help students learn to make        responsible, respectful and healthy decisions

●      Promote healthy and consensual relationships with an uninfected partner for adults as the safest and most responsible sexual behavior

●      Teach that no form of sexual expression, or behavior is acceptable when it physically or emotionally harms oneself or others and that it is wrong to take advantage of or exploit another person

●      Reinforce the benefits of abstinence without devaluing or ignoring those young people who have had or are having sexual relationships or participating in sexual activities

●      Provide students with information about Oregon State Laws that address young people’s rights and responsibilities relating to their sexual health*

* In accordance with: Oregon State Law 336.455, Oregon Administrative Regulation 581-22-1440 and 581-022-1440 Abstinence-based programs are supported by: Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Division of Adolescent School Health (DASH), American Medical Association (AMA), American Psychiatric Association (APA), American Red Cross, Guttmacher Institute, Advocates for Youth, Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States, National Association of State Boards of Education, The Kaiser Family Foundation, Child Trends, UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Harvard AIDS Institute, The National Commission on Adolescent Sexual Health

Health Education Question & Answer Protocol

Health Education Question & Answer Protocol

Philosophy:

The role of the health teacher is to provide information and assist in building skills which will enable students to make informed decisions and build foundations for healthy lifestyles. The Beaverton School District recognizes that families are the primary health educators of their children. In respect for the diversity of our community, health educators are expected to distinguish between widely shared beliefs or values and controversial issues related to the learning targets in the K-12 health curriculum. Widely shared beliefs or values are those shared by most families, or specifically written into law or policy, which the teacher is, in fact, expected to teach.

Young people tend to have a lot of questions. These questions can have many different motivations. As a health teach, you will likely receive many questions that at times can be difficult to answer. The protocol listed below is intended as a guide to help you navigate and answer some of the more challenging/sensitive questions that you may receive

An important component to remember:  Students won’t remember every fact you tell them, but they will remember if  they felt comfortable, validated and/or reassured and whether you conveyed positive health attitudes through your words, tone of voice and facial expressions.

A – Affirm the asker.

N – Note the question as values-based.

S – State the facts.

W – What is the range of values and beliefs people have?

E – Encourage talking to family, faith leader, or another adult that they trust.

R – Remain available.

 Health Education Question & Answer Protocol

A – Affirm the asker. “That’s an important issue… I’m glad you asked… A lot of people wonder that.”

N – Note the question as values-based (if it is one). “That’s a belief question. Many people, families, and religions have different answers.”

S – State the facts. “Before we look at beliefs, let’s examine a few facts…”

W – What is the range of values and beliefs people have? (This does not mean asking the class to share their personal beliefs.)

 “Different people believe things about _________.  What do you think some people believe?” Here the teacher has four jobs:

(1) to ensure that as complete a range of beliefs as possible is described

(2) to ensure that each belief position is expressed in as fair and even-handed a way as possible…preferably in the way the person who holds it would describe it if he/she were there

(3) to create a climate in the classroom where all beliefs are respected

(4) teachers should not be sharing personal beliefs that are not widely shared on a topic with students - Stick to the facts.

E – Encourage talking to family, faith leader, or another trusted adult.

“Since people have such different beliefs about _____, I would encourage you to find out what your families believe. Talk about it with people you trust, especially adults.”

R – Remain available.  “I appreciate your question, and I want you to know that I am here as a support and resource for you.”  Provide students with your school contact information and the opportunity to ask questions in a safe environment (email, question box, before/after school, etc.).

Parent Information

Back To School Night Information

Health Educators will be expected to provide a detailed overview to families regarding their Health Curriculum as part of a Back to School Night presentation or a separate Health Night.  In all areas, parents and guardians are a child’s first and most influential teachers.  Parents, guardians and schools share a common goal: we want students of all ages to be healthy in all aspects of their lives.  As Health Educators we want to encourage families to ask their child what they are learning in health education class in all lessons, not only those relating to sexual health.  We also want to provide families with information, strategies, and resources to support their child in leading a healthy lifestyle.

Opting Out of Health Lessons

The Beaverton School District values the importance of educating our students to make

The Beaverton School District values the importance of educating our students to make healthy choices, manage the demands of their lives, and to develop healthy coping mechanisms.  The K-12 comprehensive health education curriculum adopted by the Beaverton School District promotes a rigorous and balanced skills based approach to teaching health, based on the Oregon Health Education Standards and Performance Indicators and Oregon State Laws.

The grade level learning targets and materials have been thoughtfully reviewed by district teachers, administrators, parents, community representatives and health professionals to insure that the content is medically accurate, developmentally appropriate, and acceptable to the community. Teachers have been trained in best practices for teaching health skills through the new curricula.

In all areas, parents and guardians are a child’s first and most influential teachers. Parents, guardians and schools share a common goal: we want students of all ages to be healthy in all aspects of their lives. Ask your child what he or she is learning in health education class in all lessons, not only those relating to sexual health.

If you are interested in an overview of this curriculum, you may also access information on our district website.

After reviewing this material, if you have further questions regarding all or part of the health curriculum, please inquire with your school administration. If you so choose, your administrator can refer you to the curriculum opt-out documentation.

Erin's Law

Erin's Law

What Is Erin’s Law?

In 2015, the Oregon legislature passed SB 856, also known as Erin’s Law. Erin’s Law requires the development and adoption of child sexual abuse prevention programs for students in kindergarten through 12th grade ​in all Oregon public schools.

SB 856 mandates that all Oregon Public Schools provide:

  • A minimum of 4 instructional sessions (equal to or greater than a standard class period) of sex abuse prevention instruction per year for grades kindergarten through 12.

  • Sexual abuse instruction that is integrated and part of required district comprehensive sexuality education plan and is aligned with state standards.

  • Instruction that is age appropriate, medically accurate, and is not shame or fear based.

  • Instruction that is culturally inclusive and is responsive to diverse students including race, ethnicity, gender identity and sexual orientation.

  • A parental involvement component to inform parents about child sexual abuse topics.

  • A professional training component for administrators, teachers and other school personnel.

​​Resources

 

 

Additional Health Education Resources

The following resources contain information and guidance on the Health Standards required by the State of Oregon.

Oregon Department of Education Health Guidance

Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Oregon

SHAPE America

MIDDLE SCHOOL

Glossary of Health Education Terms

Glossary of Health Education Curriculum Terms

The Beaverton School District shall develop and maintain a developmentally appropriate, comprehensive plan of instruction focusing on functional knowledge and skills necessary to develop healthy relationships, promote diverse understandings of healthy sexuality, prevent violence, and disease. The comprehensive plan of instruction shall be developed in accordance with the following concepts:  

  • Age and developmentally appropriate: Research-informed regarding the appropriate time to introduce specific topics and skills.
  • Comprehensive: Inclusive of multiple types of student learning activities that go beyond raising awareness and focus on building skills. Course materials will enhance students’ understanding of sexuality as a healthy aspect of development and will provide medically-accurate and balanced information.

  • Culturally responsive: Recognize the diverse cultural characteristics of students and educators as assets. Culturally responsive teaching empowers students intellectually, socially, emotionally and politically by using cultural referents to impart knowledge, skills and attitudes. Instruction will recognize each school community, including those that have been historically oppressed, have powerful and often unrecognized, sources of resilience and protective factors that must be honored through dialogue.

  • Ensure a guaranteed and viable curriculum: Each student will have access to an effective teacher, and access to the same content, knowledge and skills in each section or class. The plan of instruction will ensure adequate instruction time over multiple sessions so that the programming lays the foundation of knowledge and skills and adds layers of complexity over time.

  • Implemented by well-trained staff: Ensure that staff are willing, empathetic, competent, and have received sufficient training, support, and supervision to deliver high-quality instruction.

  • Inclusive: The learning environment and instruction material will be strive to create an open and affirming space for all students. Instruction and material will:
  • ​​​​​​​Be tailored to affirm the validity of all types of relationships, identities and family structures in accordance with the District Equity Policy.
  • Ensure students with learning differences or on IEP/504 plans will not be excluded from sexuality education, but rather, provided the accommodations and time needed for instruction.

  • Medically accurate: supported by peer-reviewed research conducted in compliance with accepted scientific methods, and recognized as accurate and objective by leading medical, psychological, psychiatric and public health organizations and agencies; and, where relevant, published in peer-reviewed scientific journals.

  • Sexuality: A broad term that is inclusive of sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, sexual preference, relationships, and the way these things interact with emotional, physical, social, and spiritual life.

  • Theory-driven and evidence-informed: Uses the best available research and practice knowledge to guide program design and implementation. This informed practice allows for innovation while incorporating knowledge of culturally responsive and trauma-informed practices and the lessons learned from the existing research literature, curricula, guidelines, and standards. Uses participatory methods to give students opportunities to practice the skills and appeals to diverse learning styles.              

  • Trauma-informed:  Realize the widespread impact of trauma and potential paths for recovery; recognize the signs and symptoms of trauma in students, families, staff and communities; and respond by fully integrating knowledge about trauma into policies, procedures, and practices, and seek to actively resist re-traumatization and promote healing. Sexuality education will adhere to best practices in trauma-informed education including: safety; trustworthiness and transparency; peer support; collaboration and mutuality; empowerment, voice and choice; and attendance to cultural, historical and gender issues.

Controversial Issues Policies

Beaverton School District

Controversial Issues Policies

STUDYING CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES–BOARD POLICY

Since our society is based on the free exchange of ideas and diversity of political and social thought, it shall be the policy of this district to encourage unbiased, unprejudiced, and scientific study of controversial issues as they arise as part of the school curriculum. A controversial issue may be defined as any topic or problem which society is in the process of debating, on which there is honest disagreement. Such issues arise when different interpretations are given to a particular set of circumstances. The basic goal in study of controversial questions should be to enable the student to develop techniques for considering such questions techniques which he/she will use habitually in later life. Learning situations shall provide opportunities for the development of clear thinking, balanced judgment, intelligent choices, informed opinion, an ability to differentiate fact from opinion, and an understanding of propaganda devices. Questions treated should come within the range of the knowledge, maturity, and competence of the students. Issues selected for study should be current, significant, and of interest to the students. The teacher has the responsibility of handling controversial issues. The role of the teacher should be such as will reveal to students the processes used by the social scientist with which problems are identified, studied, and solved. The teacher shall avoid indoctrination in his/her own personal viewpoint and shall not attempt to control or limit the judgment of students. The selection of materials, guest speakers and classroom activities in general shall be done with studied impartiality for the purpose of fairly presenting all sides of an issue. The administration of this policy in the schools of the district is the immediate responsibility of the principal under the guidance of procedures established by the superintendent.

END OF POLICY Legal References: ORS 336.067 Code: INB OAR 581-022-1020 Adopted: 12/2/63 OAR 581-022-1910 Readopted: 2/9/98 Orig. Code: 6144 United States Constitution, Amendment I Oregon Constitution, Article 1 Code: INB

 STUDYING CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES–AR Statement Board Policy INB

 Controversial Issues clearly outlines the position of the Board on the introduction of controversial issues and speakers into the classroom.

Procedures

1. At the beginning of the school year, teachers, in conjunction with a building administrator,  will review the policy and guidelines concerning controversial issues and speakers, and will reevaluate the preceding year’s activities as they pertain to the use of controversial resource persons. Implementation of the policy will be evaluated continuously throughout the year to avoid oversights in procedure.

2. The teacher shall notify his/her immediate supervisor and his/her principal concerning the controversial topic he/she plans to introduce and/or the guest speaker he/she plans to utilize in his/her program. It shall be the responsibility of the principal, the department and the teacher to ensure impartiality. When opinions differ as to the advisability of addressing a particular topic or using a particular speaker, the principal shall have the final determination.

3. As appropriate, the teacher shall discuss with the guest before his/her appearance in the classroom the fact that he/she is in a school class and language and behavior should be appropriate for public school students.

4. The teacher must remain with the students while the guest speaker is with the class.

Code: INB-AR Adopted: 7/83 Readopted: 4/1/00 Orig. Code: 6000-15

 CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES/CONTROVERSIAL GUEST SPEAKERS

Q: Can grade 9-12 teachers of health discuss controversial issues?

A: The role of the health teacher is to provide information and assist in building skills which will enable students to make informed decisions and build foundations for healthy lifestyles.  As public school employees, teachers of health are expected to honor the diversity of our community and keep their own personal beliefs in check. 

Although there are a variety of controversial issues which are health related and provide context for discussion and learning, teachers are asked to distinguish between widely shared beliefs or values and controversial issues. The Health Education Question and Answer Protocol is expected to be utilized when controversial issues arise.

Teachers of health are asked to provide instruction that is within the scope of the health education standards/targets health curriculum. Best practices in health education tell us that using the evidence based curriculum adopted by the district is the most effective way to impact student behaviors in a positive way.  When providing instruction in a controversial area, all teachers need to operate within the  parameters of the Board Policy, INB: Studying Controversial Issues.

Q: Can grade 9-12 teachers of health invite in guest speakers on controversial issues?

A:  It shall be both the principal’s and the teacher’s responsibility to insure that the presentation be aligned to the district’s health education standards/targets for that grade level. It is also their responsibility to insure compliance with district policies and state laws. Like the teacher, it is the expectation that the guest speaker share medically and scientifically accurate information. The guest speaker must refrain from indoctrination of their own personal viewpoint and shall not attempt to limit the judgment of students.

Parents must be informed in advance of all guest speakers on controversial issues and an opportunity must be provided to opt their child out of the presentation.

Prior to the event, the teacher shall discuss the parameters of the presentation with the guest speaker. If the guest speaker agrees to the guidelines, the use of district procedures on handling sensitive topics will be expected. If the guest speaker does not stay within the district guidelines, it is the responsibility of the hosting teacher to interrupt, correct or reframe any inappropriate or misinformation. If necessary, it is the responsibility of the hosting teacher to stop the presentation.  The teacher must remain with the students while the guest speaker is with the class.  Arrangements for appropriate supervision shall insure a reasonable adult/student ratio.

BSD HEALTH EDUCATION STAFF GUIDELINES - Guest Speakers from Outside Agencies

The Beaverton School District, with the leadership of the Health Project Team, developed carefully crafted comprehensive health education learning targets aligned to the Oregon State Standards in Health Education. Decisions about the learning targets at specific grade levels were made after much consensus building and community input. It is expected that all presentations by guest speakers from outside agencies comply with grade level learning targets, district policies, philosophy, and state laws. It is also expected that the guest speaker employ the district guidelines for handling sensitive topics.

Teacher  Responsibilities

1. Share the following guidelines with potential presenter and determine if they can present within the following constraints:

a. District Health Education Standards/Targets linked to the presentation

b. The learning targets and curriculum agreements for the grade level(s) of the students

c. The K-12 District Abstinence-Based Statement

d. The Comprehensive Health Education Guide for the appropriate level

2.   IICC-AR Classroom Guest Speaker (speaking to an entire classroom)

Note: School staff must be present at all times, managing the classroom. Guest speakers from the community are a valuable resource for enriching district curricula. Guest speakers who are presenting information to an entire class will not be required to complete a volunteer application and criminal records background check. Guest speakers must adhere to the following:

  1. Information presented must be educational, not promotional.
  2. Presenters are prohibited from gathering personally identifying information from students. It is allowable for presenters to post their name, the name of the organization with which they are affiliated, and phone number, email address, or other contact information. This contact information should be given in a neutral way. It can remain posted throughout the presentation and shall be removed when the presentation is over.
  3. The information presented should be age appropriate and relevant to curriculum and classroom instruction. The information must be presented in a neutral and nondiscriminatory manner.
  4. District representatives have a responsibility for the vetting and the supervision (maintaining a presence) of guest speakers and outside presenters. Building administrators have the authority to cancel or stop presentations deemed to be inappropriate.

3. During the event, if the presenter is not staying within the District guidelines, it is the responsibility of the hosting teacher either to stop the presentation entirely or interrupt it long enough to bring the presentation back in line with the guidelines. The hosting teacher will be expected to correct any misinformation shared with students or reframe it within District guidelines (which may include referring students to parents for further discussion.) The teacher needs to report any of those kinds of situations to the principal immediately.

Administrator Responsibilities

1. Provide notification to parents of a controversial speaker as per Board policy, Administrative Regulations and the Health Education Guidelines for Use of Guest Speakers from outside agencies.

2. Appropriate supervision of students is the joint responsibility of the hosting teacher and the school administration. Ratios of adults to students need to be appropriate to the nature of the event/presentation.

Abstinence Based Statement

Health Education Abstinence-Based Statement


Abstinence is a key concept in the K-12 Beaverton health education curriculum. The position of Beaverton School District is to support abstinence in a variety of contexts. Abstinence means “voluntarily choosing not to participate in a particular activity.” In the context of human sexuality and HIV/AIDS prevention programs, abstinence refers to choosing not to engage in sexual activity, including other behaviors that contribute to the spread of sexually transmitted disease/infections. Beaverton School District, in accordance with Oregon state laws and rules, mandates abstinence-based sexuality education.*

Abstinence-based sexuality education programs emphasize that abstinence is the only 100% effective way to prevent unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases/infections, HIV/AIDS, and Hepatitis B and C. Abstinence will be emphasized, but not to the exclusion of other materials and instruction on contraceptives and disease prevention methods. Abstinence-based programs are balanced, medically accurate, and include age appropriate information about condom use and other forms of contraception.

The plan of instruction for K-12 shall include information and skills-based teaching strategies that:

●      Promote abstinence for school age youth

●      Provide medically accurate information that is free of race, gender, and ethnic bias.

●      Incorporate refusal skills and decision-making activities

●      Encourage positive family communication and involvement to help students learn to make        responsible, respectful and healthy decisions

●      Promote healthy and consensual relationships with an uninfected partner for adults as the safest and most responsible sexual behavior

●      Teach that no form of sexual expression, or behavior is acceptable when it physically or emotionally harms oneself or others and that it is wrong to take advantage of or exploit another person

●      Reinforce the benefits of abstinence without devaluing or ignoring those young people who have had or are having sexual relationships or participating in sexual activities

●      Provide students with information about Oregon State Laws that address young people’s rights and responsibilities relating to their sexual health*

* In accordance with: Oregon State Law 336.455, Oregon Administrative Regulation 581-22-1440 and 581-022-1440 Abstinence-based programs are supported by: Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Division of Adolescent School Health (DASH), American Medical Association (AMA), American Psychiatric Association (APA), American Red Cross, Guttmacher Institute, Advocates for Youth, Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States, National Association of State Boards of Education, The Kaiser Family Foundation, Child Trends, UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Harvard AIDS Institute, The National Commission on Adolescent Sexual Health

Approaches to Teaching Health Education

Approaches to Teaching Health Education

 Abortion

Q: Can grade 6-8 teachers of health discuss abortion?

 A: The topic of abortion is not addressed in the middle school health curriculum. If a student initiates a question regarding abortion, the student should be referred to a parent/guardian and/or counselor for further information.

Abstinence

Q: Where does discussion of sexual abstinence first appear in the Beaverton human sexuality curriculum?

 A: The term “abstinence” is first used in relation to sexual activity at grade 5. At all middle school grades students learn about the benefits of practicing abstinence, such as attaining personal goals, remaining disease and pregnancy free, gaining respect for self and others, demonstrating character, and contributing to family harmony. They also learn the following abstinence strategies: dealing with peer pressure, setting personal boundaries,

saying “no” assertively, understanding what an affirmative “yes” is, refusal skills, and communication skills. Lessons include data which demonstrates that more teens are abstinent than are not abstinent, which supports saying “no” to peers who put them under pressure.

Contraception

Q: Can grade 6-8 teachers of health discuss contraception in class?

 A: The topic of contraception is first introduced at 6th grade. Students younger than 6th grade raising questions about contraception and their use should be referred to their parents/guardian and/or counselor for discussion of the topic.

 Q: How is the topic of contraception addressed in the middle school health curriculum?

 A: The topic of contraception (abstinence and condom use), is briefly introduced in the 6th grade curriculum as methods of protection from STDs/STIs, HIV, pregnancy, and Hepatitis B. At the 7th and 8th grade level a more in-depth discussion of the various types of contraceptives (including emergency contraceptives) are presented, again in the context as a method of protection from STDs/STIs, HIV, pregnancy, and Hepatitis B. Abstinence will still be stressed as the safest and best choice for adolescents.

Q: How should this discussion be framed?

 A: In order to remain consistent with the Beaverton School District K-12 AbstinenceStatement, it is important to communicate to students that the teacher is not suggesting that any method except abstinence will guarantee 100% prevention of either pregnancy or the spread of sexually transmitted diseases/infections. It is also important that the teacher does not communicate that the use of one contraceptive choice is recommended for students over abstinence. Part of the emphasis of the sexual health curriculum is that such decisions need to be made by individuals who have matured in their decision-making ability, are fully cognizant of the implications and consequences of sexual activity, are able to manage those consequences in their lives on their own, and have developed the communication skills necessary to maintain healthy interpersonal relationships. It is the opinion of this community and this district that such decisions are best made by individuals who are older than high school age.

Beaverton School District’s health curriculum promotes abstinence for adolescents. It also incorporates refusal skills and personal empowerment throughout all units on sexual health and the prevention and control of disease.

Masturbation & Nocturnal Emission

Q: Can middle school teachers discuss masturbation and nocturnal emission as part of the health curriculum?

 A: The topic of masturbation and nocturnal emission is in the curriculum beginning at grade 6. Masturbation is defined as “self-stimulation of the genitals.” Masturbation and nocturnal emission is introduced at this level for the following reasons:

• It is age-appropriate information for students.

• An adolescent boy may experience a nocturnal emission, an involuntary ejaculation of semen during sleep, at this point in his life.

The curriculum does not negate family beliefs about masturbation. Beliefs of the family as to whether masturbation is appropriate or not appropriate need to be shared with the student at home so that the information learned at school can be put into the context of each family’s own value system.

Sexual Activity/Contact

Q: When in the middle school health curriculum is the term “sexual activity /sexual contact” introduced?

 A: Sexual activity is introduced at grade 5 by teaching the definition only. Sexual activity/sexual contact is referred to in grades 5-8, both in the context of sexual health instruction and disease transmission including HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases/infections.

Q: What can middle school teachers say about the types of sexual activity/sexual contact?

 A: Vaginal, anal, and oral sexual activity are defined in the context of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases/infections, including HIV/AIDS at grades 5-8. Students asking more specific questions about this topic are to be referred to their parent/guardian and/or counselor to answer their questions.

Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity

Q: Is instruction on sexual orientation and gender identity part of the health curriculum?

A: Yes, both sexual orientation and gender identity are addressed in the Beaverton School District health curriculum K-12 in accordance with National and Oregon Health Education Laws.  Topics around sexual orientation and gender identity will include:

●      Identifying the differences between biological sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression.

●      Reduction/ elimination of teasing, bullying, and harassment due to sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression.

●      Demonstrating ways to treat yourself and others with dignity and respect, with regard to gender, gender identity, gender expression, and sexual orientation.

In Beaverton, we recognize the diversity and worth of all students.  The District prohibits discrimination and harassment based on any basis protected by law, including but not limited to, an individual’s actual or perceived race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation1 , gender identity2 , gender expression3 , national or ethnic origin, marital status, age, mental or physical disability or perceived disability, pregnancy, familial status, economic status, veterans’ status, or because of an association with any other persons within these protected classes.

1 “Sexual orientation” means an individual’s sexual, emotional and romantic attraction to other people. 2 "Gender identity" refers to a person's innate, personal (psychological) sense of being male or female, both or neither, which may or may not correspond to the person's body or gender assigned at birth. 3 "Gender expression" refers to a person’s external presentation of gender identity such as dress, grooming, mannerisms, behavior, voice, and social interactions.

 Sexual Violence

Q: Can middle school teachers address the topic of sexual violence?

A: Yes.  Erin’s Law (SB 856) requires the development and adoption of child sexual abuse prevention programs for grades K-12 in all Oregon public schools. The Healthy Teen Relationship Act (HB 4077) requires all school districts to adopt a policy addressing teen dating violence, and to incorporate age-appropriate education for grades 7-12.

Q: What materials or content would be acceptable in instruction?

A: Board adopted, developmentally appropriate, and inclusive curriculum is acceptable to use. Within this curriculum, effective interpersonal strategies to build healthy relationships may include:

•Components of a healthy relationship

• Assertive communication skills

• Consent education

• Setting personal boundaries

• Positive dating relationships

• Refusal skills

• Self-esteem building skills

• Decision-making skills

• Violence Prevention

• Analyzing and avoiding potential abuse situations

• Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug (ATOD) abuse prevention

• Accessing valid and reliable resources

Suicide Prevention & Awareness

Q:  Why is suicide prevention and awareness essential?

A:  Beaverton employees that work in schools are well-positioned to observe students’ behavior and act when they suspect that a student may be at risk of self-harm and/or suicide.

Q:  What specific steps should be followed in order to identify and help young people at risk?

A:  Listed below are steps that need to be taken by school employees to help those at risk:

●      Be informed on district protocol for helping a student who is at risk

●      Be aware of the warning signs that require immediate action

●      Know how to respond to warning signs:

○      Be prepared to act

○      Do not leave a student at imminent risk of suicide or self-harm alone

○      Get help when needed

○      Use your school’s support system

○      Connect with parents and/or guardians

●      Access additional information:  http://www.k12.wa.us/safetycenter/YouthSuicide/SuicidePrevention.aspx#intervention

 

Q:  Do People Threaten Suicide to Get Attention?

A:  Suicidal thoughts or actions are a sign of extreme distress and an alert that someone needs help. Any warning sign or symptom of suicide should not be ignored. All talk of suicide should be taken seriously and requires attention. Threatening to die by suicide is not a normal response to stress and should not be taken lightly.

Q:  If You Ask Someone About Suicide, Does It Put the Idea Into Their Head?

A:  Asking someone about suicide is not harmful. There is a common myth that asking someone about suicide can put the idea into their head. This is not true. Several studies examining this concern have demonstrated that asking people about suicidal thoughts and behavior does not induce or increase such thoughts and experiences. In fact, asking someone directly, “Are you thinking of killing yourself,” can be the best way to identify someone at risk for suicide.

Q:  What Should I Do if I Am in Crisis or Someone I Know Is Considering Suicide?

A:  If you or someone you know has warning signs or symptoms of suicide, particularly if there is a change in the behavior or a new behavior, get help as soon as possible.

Often, family and friends are the first to recognize the warning signs of suicide and can take the first step toward helping an at-risk individual find treatment with someone who specializes in diagnosing and treating mental health conditions. If someone is telling you that they are going to kill themselves, do not leave them alone. Do not promise anyone that you will keep their suicidal thoughts a secret. Make sure to tell a trusted friend or family member, or if you are a student, an adult with whom you feel comfortable. You can also contact the resources noted below.

Q:  What if Someone Is Posting Suicidal Messages on Social Media?

A:  Knowing how to get help for a friend posting suicidal messages on social media can save a life. Many social media sites have a process to report suicidal content and get help for the person posting the message. In addition, many of the social media sites use their analytic capabilities to identify and help report suicidal posts. Each offers different options on how to respond if you see concerning posts about suicide. For example:

●      Facebook Suicide Prevention webpage can be found at www.facebook.com/help/594991777257121/[use the search term “suicide” or “suicide prevention”].

●      Snapchat’s Support provides guidance at https://support.snapchat.com [use the search term, “suicide” or “suicide prevention”] 

●      Tumblr Counseling and Prevention Resources webpage can be found at https://tumblr.zendesk.com[use the search term “counseling” or “prevention,” then click on “Counseling and prevention resources”].

●      Twitter’s Best Practices in Dealing With Self-Harm and Suicide at https://support.twitter.com [use the search term “suicide,” “self-harm,” or “suicide prevention”].

●      YouTube’s Safety Center webpage can be found at https://support.google.com/youtube [use the search term “suicide and self injury”].

If you see messages or live streaming suicidal behavior on social media, call 911 or contact the toll-free National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1–800–273–TALK (8255), or text the Crisis Text Line (text HOME to 741741) available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals can contact the Lifeline via TTY at 1–800–799–4889. All calls are confidential. This service is available to everyone. People—even strangers—have saved lives by being vigilant.

Q:  Is Non-Suicidal Self Injury (cutting, etc.) a suicide attempt?

A:  No. Non-Suicidal Self Injury (NSSI) is most often used as a way to try to regulate emotional pain, or sooth oneself - not as a means of ending one’s life. Nor does the presence of NSSI indicate suicidal ideation. While self-injury is a risk factor for NSSI, they differ in several important ways including but not limited to:

●      Expressed intent: the expressed intent of NSSI is almost always to feel better whereas for suicide it is to end feeling (and hence, life) altogether

●      Frequency: NSSI is often used regularly or off and on to manage stress and other emotions; suicide-related behaviors are much more rare.

Q:  Where can I find more information on Non-Suicidal Self Injury?

A: The link listed below provides additional information and resources regarding NSSI.

http://selfinjury.bctr.cornell.edu/perch/resources/the-relationship-between-nssi-and-suicide-5.pdf

Q:  Where can I get additional training on mental health and suicide prevention?"

A:  Information and free local training options can be found on gettrainedtohelp.com for the programs listed below:

●      ASIST

●      Youth Mental Health First Aid

●      QPR (question, persuade, refer)

Trauma Informed Instruction

Q:  What is trauma informed instruction?

A: “Trauma-informed in schools means being informed about and sensitive to trauma, and providing a safe, stable, and understanding environment for students and staff. A primary goal is to prevent re-injury or re-traumatization by acknowledging trauma and its triggers, and avoiding stigmatizing and punishing students.” (www.elc-pa.org)

Q:  What are the Seven Key Elements of Trauma-Informed Systems?

  1. Screen routinely for trauma exposure and symptoms.
  2. Implement culturally appropriate, evidence-based assessments and
    treatments for traumatic stress and symptoms.
  3. Provide resources to children, families, and providers on trauma, its impact,
    and treatment options.
  4. Build on the strengths of children and families impacted by trauma.
  5. Address parent and caregiver trauma.
  6. Collaborate across child-serving systems to coordinate care.
  7. Support staff by minimizing and treating secondary traumatic stress, which
    can lead to burnout.

 Source:  National Child Traumatic Stress Network

 

Health Education Question and Answer Protocol

Health Education Question & Answer Protocol

Philosophy:

The role of the health teacher is to provide information and assist in building skills which will enable students to make informed decisions and build foundations for healthy lifestyles. The Beaverton School District recognizes that families are the primary health educators of their children. In respect for the diversity of our community, health educators are expected to distinguish between widely shared beliefs or values and controversial issues related to the learning targets in the K-12 health curriculum. Widely shared beliefs or values are those shared by most families, or specifically written into law or policy, which the teacher is, in fact, expected to teach.

Young people tend to have a lot of questions. These questions can have many different motivations. As a health teach, you will likely receive many questions that at times can be difficult to answer. The protocol listed below is intended as a guide to help you navigate and answer some of the more challenging/sensitive questions that you may receive

An important component to remember:  Students won’t remember every fact you tell them, but they will remember if  they felt comfortable, validated and/or reassured and whether you conveyed positive health attitudes through your words, tone of voice and facial expressions.

A – Affirm the asker.

N – Note the question as values-based.

S – State the facts.

W – What is the range of values and beliefs people have?

E – Encourage talking to family, faith leader, or another adult that they trust.

R – Remain available.

 Health Education Question & Answer Protocol

A – Affirm the asker. “That’s an important issue… I’m glad you asked… A lot of people wonder that.”

N – Note the question as values-based (if it is one). “That’s a belief question. Many people, families, and religions have different answers.”

S – State the facts. “Before we look at beliefs, let’s examine a few facts…”

W – What is the range of values and beliefs people have? (This does not mean asking the class to share their personal beliefs.)

 “Different people believe things about _________.  What do you think some people believe?” Here the teacher has four jobs:

(1) to ensure that as complete a range of beliefs as possible is described

(2) to ensure that each belief position is expressed in as fair and even-handed a way as possible…preferably in the way the person who holds it would describe it if he/she were there

(3) to create a climate in the classroom where all beliefs are respected

(4) teachers should not be sharing personal beliefs that are not widely shared on a topic with students - Stick to the facts.

E – Encourage talking to family, faith leader, or another trusted adult.

“Since people have such different beliefs about _____, I would encourage you to find out what your families believe. Talk about it with people you trust, especially adults.”

R – Remain available.  “I appreciate your question, and I want you to know that I am here as a support and resource for you.”  Provide students with your school contact information and the opportunity to ask questions in a safe environment (email, question box, before/after school, etc.).

Parent Information

Back To School Night Information

Health Educators will be expected to provide a detailed overview to families regarding their Health Curriculum as part of a Back to School Night presentation or a separate Health Night.  In all areas, parents and guardians are a child’s first and most influential teachers.  Parents, guardians and schools share a common goal: we want students of all ages to be healthy in all aspects of their lives.  As Health Educators we want to encourage families to ask their child what they are learning in health education class in all lessons, not only those relating to sexual health.  We also want to provide families with information, strategies, and resources to support their child in leading a healthy lifestyle.

Opting Out of Health Lessons

The Beaverton School District values the importance of educating our students to make

The Beaverton School District values the importance of educating our students to make healthy choices, manage the demands of their lives, and to develop healthy coping mechanisms.  The K-12 comprehensive health education curriculum adopted by the Beaverton School District promotes a rigorous and balanced skills based approach to teaching health, based on the Oregon Health Education Standards and Performance Indicators and Oregon State Laws.

The grade level learning targets and materials have been thoughtfully reviewed by district teachers, administrators, parents, community representatives and health professionals to insure that the content is medically accurate, developmentally appropriate, and acceptable to the community. Teachers have been trained in best practices for teaching health skills through the new curricula.

In all areas, parents and guardians are a child’s first and most influential teachers. Parents, guardians and schools share a common goal: we want students of all ages to be healthy in all aspects of their lives. Ask your child what he or she is learning in health education class in all lessons, not only those relating to sexual health.

If you are interested in an overview of this curriculum, you may also access information on our district website.

After reviewing this material, if you have further questions regarding all or part of the health curriculum, please inquire with your school administration. If you so choose, your administrator can refer you to the curriculum opt-out documentation.

Erin's Law

Erin's Law

What Is Erin’s Law?

In 2015, the Oregon legislature passed SB 856, also known as Erin’s Law. Erin’s Law requires the development and adoption of child sexual abuse prevention programs for students in kindergarten through 12th grade ​in all Oregon public schools.

SB 856 mandates that all Oregon Public Schools provide:

  • A minimum of 4 instructional sessions (equal to or greater than a standard class period) of sex abuse prevention instruction per year for grades kindergarten through 12.

  • Sexual abuse instruction that is integrated and part of required district comprehensive sexuality education plan and is aligned with state standards.

  • Instruction that is age appropriate, medically accurate, and is not shame or fear based.

  • Instruction that is culturally inclusive and is responsive to diverse students including race, ethnicity, gender identity and sexual orientation.

  • A parental involvement component to inform parents about child sexual abuse topics.

  • A professional training component for administrators, teachers and other school personnel.

​​Resources

 

 

Additional Health Education Resources

The following resources contain information and guidance on the Health Standards required by the State of Oregon.

Oregon Department of Education Health Guidance

Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Oregon

SHAPE America

HIGH SCHOOL

Glossary of Health Education Terms

Glossary of Health Education Curriculum Terms

The Beaverton School District shall develop and maintain a developmentally appropriate, comprehensive plan of instruction focusing on functional knowledge and skills necessary to develop healthy relationships, promote diverse understandings of healthy sexuality, prevent violence, and disease. The comprehensive plan of instruction shall be developed in accordance with the following concepts:  

  • Age and developmentally appropriate: Research-informed regarding the appropriate time to introduce specific topics and skills.
  • Comprehensive: Inclusive of multiple types of student learning activities that go beyond raising awareness and focus on building skills. Course materials will enhance students’ understanding of sexuality as a healthy aspect of development and will provide medically-accurate and balanced information.

  • Culturally responsive: Recognize the diverse cultural characteristics of students and educators as assets. Culturally responsive teaching empowers students intellectually, socially, emotionally and politically by using cultural referents to impart knowledge, skills and attitudes. Instruction will recognize each school community, including those that have been historically oppressed, have powerful and often unrecognized, sources of resilience and protective factors that must be honored through dialogue.

  • Ensure a guaranteed and viable curriculum: Each student will have access to an effective teacher, and access to the same content, knowledge and skills in each section or class. The plan of instruction will ensure adequate instruction time over multiple sessions so that the programming lays the foundation of knowledge and skills and adds layers of complexity over time.

  • Implemented by well-trained staff: Ensure that staff are willing, empathetic, competent, and have received sufficient training, support, and supervision to deliver high-quality instruction.

  • Inclusive: The learning environment and instruction material will be strive to create an open and affirming space for all students. Instruction and material will:

    • Be tailored to affirm the validity of all types of relationships, identities and family structures in accordance with the District Equity Policy.

    • Ensure students with learning differences or on IEP/504 plans will not be excluded from sexuality education, but rather, provided the accommodations and time needed for instruction.

  • Medically accurate: supported by peer-reviewed research conducted in compliance with accepted scientific methods, and recognized as accurate and objective by leading medical, psychological, psychiatric and public health organizations and agencies; and, where relevant, published in peer-reviewed scientific journals.

  • Sexuality: A broad term that is inclusive of sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, sexual preference, relationships, and the way these things interact with emotional, physical, social, and spiritual life.

  • Theory-driven and evidence-informed: Uses the best available research and practice knowledge to guide program design and implementation. This informed practice allows for innovation while incorporating knowledge of culturally responsive and trauma-informed practices and the lessons learned from the existing research literature, curricula, guidelines, and standards. Uses participatory methods to give students opportunities to practice the skills and appeals to diverse learning styles.              

  • Trauma-informed:  Realize the widespread impact of trauma and potential paths for recovery; recognize the signs and symptoms of trauma in students, families, staff and communities; and respond by fully integrating knowledge about trauma into policies, procedures, and practices, and seek to actively resist re-traumatization and promote healing. Sexuality education will adhere to best practices in trauma-informed education including: safety; trustworthiness and transparency; peer support; collaboration and mutuality; empowerment, voice and choice; and attendance to cultural, historical and gender issues.

Controversial Issues Policies

Beaverton School District

Controversial Issues Policies

STUDYING CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES–BOARD POLICY

Since our society is based on the free exchange of ideas and diversity of political and social thought, it shall be the policy of this district to encourage unbiased, unprejudiced, and scientific study of controversial issues as they arise as part of the school curriculum. A controversial issue may be defined as any topic or problem which society is in the process of debating, on which there is honest disagreement. Such issues arise when different interpretations are given to a particular set of circumstances. The basic goal in study of controversial questions should be to enable the student to develop techniques for considering such questions techniques which he/she will use habitually in later life. Learning situations shall provide opportunities for the development of clear thinking, balanced judgment, intelligent choices, informed opinion, an ability to differentiate fact from opinion, and an understanding of propaganda devices. Questions treated should come within the range of the knowledge, maturity, and competence of the students. Issues selected for study should be current, significant, and of interest to the students. The teacher has the responsibility of handling controversial issues. The role of the teacher should be such as will reveal to students the processes used by the social scientist with which problems are identified, studied, and solved. The teacher shall avoid indoctrination in his/her own personal viewpoint and shall not attempt to control or limit the judgment of students. The selection of materials, guest speakers and classroom activities in general shall be done with studied impartiality for the purpose of fairly presenting all sides of an issue. The administration of this policy in the schools of the district is the immediate responsibility of the principal under the guidance of procedures established by the superintendent.

END OF POLICY Legal References: ORS 336.067 Code: INB OAR 581-022-1020 Adopted: 12/2/63 OAR 581-022-1910 Readopted: 2/9/98 Orig. Code: 6144 United States Constitution, Amendment I Oregon Constitution, Article 1 Code: INB

 STUDYING CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES–AR Statement Board Policy INB

 Controversial Issues clearly outlines the position of the Board on the introduction of controversial issues and speakers into the classroom.

Procedures

1. At the beginning of the school year, teachers, in conjunction with a building administrator,  will review the policy and guidelines concerning controversial issues and speakers, and will reevaluate the preceding year’s activities as they pertain to the use of controversial resource persons. Implementation of the policy will be evaluated continuously throughout the year to avoid oversights in procedure.

2. The teacher shall notify his/her immediate supervisor and his/her principal concerning the controversial topic he/she plans to introduce and/or the guest speaker he/she plans to utilize in his/her program. It shall be the responsibility of the principal, the department and the teacher to ensure impartiality. When opinions differ as to the advisability of addressing a particular topic or using a particular speaker, the principal shall have the final determination.

3. As appropriate, the teacher shall discuss with the guest before his/her appearance in the classroom the fact that he/she is in a school class and language and behavior should be appropriate for public school students.

4. The teacher must remain with the students while the guest speaker is with the class.

Code: INB-AR Adopted: 7/83 Readopted: 4/1/00 Orig. Code: 6000-15

 CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES/CONTROVERSIAL GUEST SPEAKERS

Q: Can grade 9-12 teachers of health discuss controversial issues?

A: The role of the health teacher is to provide information and assist in building skills which will enable students to make informed decisions and build foundations for healthy lifestyles.  As public school employees, teachers of health are expected to honor the diversity of our community and keep their own personal beliefs in check. 

Although there are a variety of controversial issues which are health related and provide context for discussion and learning, teachers are asked to distinguish between widely shared beliefs or values and controversial issues. The Health Education Question and Answer Protocol is expected to be utilized when controversial issues arise.

Teachers of health are asked to provide instruction that is within the scope of the health education standards/targets health curriculum. Best practices in health education tell us that using the evidence based curriculum adopted by the district is the most effective way to impact student behaviors in a positive way.  When providing instruction in a controversial area, all teachers need to operate within the  parameters of the Board Policy, INB: Studying Controversial Issues.

Q: Can grade 9-12 teachers of health invite in guest speakers on controversial issues?

A:  It shall be both the principal’s and the teacher’s responsibility to insure that the presentation be aligned to the district’s health education standards/targets for that grade level. It is also their responsibility to insure compliance with district policies and state laws. Like the teacher, it is the expectation that the guest speaker share medically and scientifically accurate information. The guest speaker must refrain from indoctrination of their own personal viewpoint and shall not attempt to limit the judgment of students.

Parents must be informed in advance of all guest speakers on controversial issues and an opportunity must be provided to opt their child out of the presentation.

Prior to the event, the teacher shall discuss the parameters of the presentation with the guest speaker. If the guest speaker agrees to the guidelines, the use of district procedures on handling sensitive topics will be expected. If the guest speaker does not stay within the district guidelines, it is the responsibility of the hosting teacher to interrupt, correct or reframe any inappropriate or misinformation. If necessary, it is the responsibility of the hosting teacher to stop the presentation.  The teacher must remain with the students while the guest speaker is with the class.  Arrangements for appropriate supervision shall insure a reasonable adult/student ratio.

BSD HEALTH EDUCATION STAFF GUIDELINES - Guest Speakers from Outside Agencies

The Beaverton School District, with the leadership of the Health Project Team, developed carefully crafted comprehensive health education learning targets aligned to the Oregon State Standards in Health Education. Decisions about the learning targets at specific grade levels were made after much consensus building and community input. It is expected that all presentations by guest speakers from outside agencies comply with grade level learning targets, district policies, philosophy, and state laws. It is also expected that the guest speaker employ the district guidelines for handling sensitive topics.

Teacher  Responsibilities

1. Share the following guidelines with potential presenter and determine if they can present within the following constraints:

a. District Health Education Standards/Targets linked to the presentation

b. The learning targets and curriculum agreements for the grade level(s) of the students

c. The K-12 District Abstinence-Based Statement

d. The Comprehensive Health Education Guide for the appropriate level

2.   IICC-AR Classroom Guest Speaker (speaking to an entire classroom)

Note: School staff must be present at all times, managing the classroom. Guest speakers from the community are a valuable resource for enriching district curricula. Guest speakers who are presenting information to an entire class will not be required to complete a volunteer application and criminal records background check. Guest speakers must adhere to the following:

  1. Information presented must be educational, not promotional.
  2. Presenters are prohibited from gathering personally identifying information from students. It is allowable for presenters to post their name, the name of the organization with which they are affiliated, and phone number, email address, or other contact information. This contact information should be given in a neutral way. It can remain posted throughout the presentation and shall be removed when the presentation is over.
  3. The information presented should be age appropriate and relevant to curriculum and classroom instruction. The information must be presented in a neutral and nondiscriminatory manner.
  4. District representatives have a responsibility for the vetting and the supervision (maintaining a presence) of guest speakers and outside presenters. Building administrators have the authority to cancel or stop presentations deemed to be inappropriate.

3. During the event, if the presenter is not staying within the District guidelines, it is the responsibility of the hosting teacher either to stop the presentation entirely or interrupt it long enough to bring the presentation back in line with the guidelines. The hosting teacher will be expected to correct any misinformation shared with students or reframe it within District guidelines (which may include referring students to parents for further discussion.) The teacher needs to report any of those kinds of situations to the principal immediately.

Administrator Responsibilities

1. Provide notification to parents of a controversial speaker as per Board policy, Administrative Regulations and the Health Education Guidelines for Use of Guest Speakers from outside agencies.

2. Appropriate supervision of students is the joint responsibility of the hosting teacher and the school administration. Ratios of adults to students need to be appropriate to the nature of the event/presentation.

Abstinence Based Statement

Health Education Abstinence-Based Statement


Abstinence is a key concept in the K-12 Beaverton health education curriculum. The position of Beaverton School District is to support abstinence in a variety of contexts. Abstinence means “voluntarily choosing not to participate in a particular activity.” In the context of human sexuality and HIV/AIDS prevention programs, abstinence refers to choosing not to engage in sexual activity, including other behaviors that contribute to the spread of sexually transmitted disease/infections. Beaverton School District, in accordance with Oregon state laws and rules, mandates abstinence-based sexuality education.*

Abstinence-based sexuality education programs emphasize that abstinence is the only 100% effective way to prevent unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases/infections, HIV/AIDS, and Hepatitis B and C. Abstinence will be emphasized, but not to the exclusion of other materials and instruction on contraceptives and disease prevention methods. Abstinence-based programs are balanced, medically accurate, and include age appropriate information about condom use and other forms of contraception.

The plan of instruction for K-12 shall include information and skills-based teaching strategies that:

●      Promote abstinence for school age youth

●      Provide medically accurate information that is free of race, gender, and ethnic bias.

●      Incorporate refusal skills and decision-making activities

●      Encourage positive family communication and involvement to help students learn to make        responsible, respectful and healthy decisions

●      Promote healthy and consensual relationships with an uninfected partner for adults as the safest and most responsible sexual behavior

●      Teach that no form of sexual expression, or behavior is acceptable when it physically or emotionally harms oneself or others and that it is wrong to take advantage of or exploit another person

●      Reinforce the benefits of abstinence without devaluing or ignoring those young people who have had or are having sexual relationships or participating in sexual activities

●      Provide students with information about Oregon State Laws that address young people’s rights and responsibilities relating to their sexual health*

* In accordance with: Oregon State Law 336.455, Oregon Administrative Regulation 581-22-1440 and 581-022-1440 Abstinence-based programs are supported by: Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Division of Adolescent School Health (DASH), American Medical Association (AMA), American Psychiatric Association (APA), American Red Cross, Guttmacher Institute, Advocates for Youth, Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States, National Association of State Boards of Education, The Kaiser Family Foundation, Child Trends, UCSF Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Harvard AIDS Institute, The National Commission on Adolescent Sexual Health

Approaches to Teaching Health Education

 

Approaches to Teaching Health Education


Abortion

Q: Can grade 9-12 health teachers discuss abortion?

A: Abortion is briefly covered in Health Courses as a possible personal choice an individual may decide to make in response to pregnancy. Other choices which are to be discussed are keeping the baby and placing the baby for adoption. Other aspects about abortion which may be discussed:

• a personal choice;

• not designed as a contraceptive method;

• two kinds (spontaneous, medical) and a brief definition for each;

• legal in Oregon;

• what the latest changes in related laws are;

• that there are few limitations on who can get an abortion in Oregon; and

• broad list of community resources.

Q: What about abortion should NOT be covered in a health classroom?

A: Instruction about abortion which should not be included in health classrooms are these topics, issues, or practices:

• a debate between pro-life or pro-choice advocates;

• the teacher’s expression of their own viewpoint or advocacy for one position or

another on the abortion question; or

• referral of a student to a specific agency.

Contraception

Q: How should this discussion be framed?

A: In order to remain consistent with the Beaverton School District K-12 Abstinence Statement it is important to communicate to students that you as a teacher are not suggesting that any method except abstinence will guarantee 100% prevention of either pregnancy or the spread of sexually transmitted diseases/infections. It is also important that you communicate that you are not suggesting that the use of one of the contraceptive choices about which you are providing information is recommended for students instead of abstinence.

Part of the emphasis of the sexual health curriculum is that such decisions need to be made by individuals who have matured in their decision-making ability, are fully cognizant of the implications and consequences and have developed the communication skills necessary to maintain healthy interpersonal relationships.

Q: What information and/or teaching techniques would be acceptable to use in relation to contraceptives?

A: The following is a list of recommended approaches to use when teaching lessons on contraception.

  1. Provide current information on both prescription and nonprescription methods of contraception.
    1. Do not assume that anyone or everyone has had vaginal intercourse just because contraception is being discussed. This is information that students may need now or later.
    2. Acknowledge that individual values about having sex and using contraception differ and that is okay.
  1. It must be stressed that abstinence from all forms of sexual activity/contact is the only 100% effective and appropriate method for an individual to eliminate their risk of a sexually transmitted disease/infection, including HIV/AIDs, and/or an unplanned pregnancy.
  2. Emphasize that most contraceptive methods would need to be used in conjunction with either an external or internal condom or a dental dam to help prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases/infections, including HIV/AIDS.
  3. Have students broaden their understanding of contraception by considering one or more of the various divides with respect to contraception– like gender, generation, politics, religion – to better understand why some people may disagree on contraception.
    1. For example, consider why there are more birth control options for women, primarily, than for men to use, and what effects this responsibility has had on individual decision making.

Q: Is it acceptable to discuss how to access contraceptives?

A: Yes.  Part of the health program focuses upon helping students understand and make effective use of health-related products and services. The discussion may include where they would be able to go for assistance in the use of contraceptives or to purchase condoms.

Q: Is it consistent with the program to provide a demonstration of the use of an external and internal condom?

A: Yes. In the context of discussing the merits and risks involved in the use of a condom, students need to know enough about the correct use of a condom in order to understand those merits and risks. Within this context, a demonstration would be acceptable while explaining the materials from which the condom is made, the relative effectiveness of various materials, the purpose of the reservoir at the tip of the condom, and the proper use.  The use of two fingers, or an appropriate model, is recommended to correctly demonstrate the appropriate steps of using a condom.  It is suggested to not use a fruit or vegetable to conduct this type of demonstration.   

As part of this lesson, it is also acceptable to pass a condom among students in order for them to read the label (for information such as latex vs. lambskin, nonoxynol 9, expiration dates, instructions for use). The lesson will emphasize that abstinence is the only 100% effective method of preventing pregnancy or the spread of sexually transmitted diseases/infections.

Masturbation & Nocturnal Emission

Q: Can grade 9- 12 health teachers discuss masturbation?

A: The topic of masturbation and nocturnal emission is in the curriculum. Masturbation is defined as “self-stimulation of the genitals.” Masturbation and nocturnal emission are included at this level for the following reasons:

 • It is an age-appropriate issue for students.

• An adolescent boy may experience a nocturnal emission, an involuntary ejaculation of semen during sleep, at this point in his life. If he or his parent/ guardian does not know the difference between that phenomenon and masturbation, the child might falsely be accused of masturbating by a parent/ guardian whose values do not approve of that activity. Such accusations create unnecessary and possible negative feelings which can be generalized to sexual development as a whole.

• Students need to know the scientific realities about masturbation.

The curriculum does not negate religious beliefs or values a family might hold about masturbation. Instruction has and will continue to include the acknowledgment that some people believe it to be an appropriate activity while others believe it unacceptable. Beliefs of the family as to whether masturbation is appropriate or not appropriate need to be shared with the student at home so that the information learned at school can be put into the context of each family’s own value system.

Sexual Activity/ Contact

Q: What can teachers say about the types of sexual activity/ contact?

A:  In order to effectively present material addressing the issue of preventing sexually transmitted diseases/infections, students need to understand (a) that there are various types of sexual activity/ contact, and (b) each type can present risks for the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases/ infections.  Teachers need to identify and define oral, vaginal, and anal activity/contact and provide information which describes how the risk of transmission occurs in each type of sexual activity/ contact.

Other important points to communicate are that different types of sexual contact are not exclusive to any particular sexual orientation. The presentation of all information needs to be  age appropriate and medically accurate.

Q: What would be considered inappropriate information or materials?

A: Graphic descriptions, pictures, or videos depicting different types of sexual activity/contact are not acceptable.

Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity

Q: Is instruction on sexual orientation and gender identity part of the health curriculum?

A:  Yes, both sexual orientation and gender identity are addressed in the Beaverton School District health curriculum K-12 in accordance with National and Oregon Health Education Laws. Topics around sexual orientation and gender identity will include:

●      Identifying the differences between biological sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression.

●      Reduction/ elimination of teasing, bullying, and harassment due to sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression.

●      Demonstrating ways to treat yourself and others with dignity and respect, with regard to gender, gender identity, gender expression, and sexual orientation.

In Beaverton, we recognize the diversity and worth of all students.  The District prohibits discrimination and harassment based on any basis protected by law, including but not limited to, an individual’s actual or perceived race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation1 , gender identity2 , gender expression3 , national or ethnic origin, marital status, age, mental or physical disability or perceived disability, pregnancy, familial status, economic status, veterans’ status, or because of an association with any other persons within these protected classes.

1 “Sexual orientation” means an individual’s  sexual, emotional and romantic attraction to other people. 2 "Gender identity" refers to a person's innate, personal (psychological) sense of being male or female, both or neither, which may or may not correspond to the person's body or gender assigned at birth. 3 "Gender expression" refers to a person’s external presentation of gender identity, such as dress, grooming, mannerisms, behavior, voice, and social interactions.

Q:  Where can I find additional information for supporting LGBTQ students?

A:  The following link provides information from the Beaverton School District on the 10 High Leverage Practices for Supporting LGBTQ Students:

 Sexual Violence

Q: Can high school teachers address the topic of sexual violence?

A: Yes.  Erin’s Law (SB 856) requires the development and adoption of child sexual abuse prevention programs for grades K-12 in all Oregon public schools. The Healthy Teen Relationship Act (HB 4077) requires all school districts to adopt a policy addressing teen dating violence, and to incorporate age-appropriate education.

 Q: What materials or content would  be acceptable in instruction?

A: The Board adopted, developmentally appropriate, and inclusive curriculum. Within this curriculum, effective interpersonal strategies to build healthy relationships may include:

•Components of a healthy relationship

• Assertive communication skills

• Consent education

• Setting personal boundaries

• Positive dating relationships

• Refusal skills

• Self-esteem building skills

• Decision-making skills

• Violence Prevention

• Analyzing and avoiding potential abuse situations

• Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug (ATOD) abuse prevention

• Accessing valid and reliable resources

Suicide Prevention & Awareness

Q:  Why is suicide prevention and awareness essential?

A:  Beaverton employees that work in schools are well-positioned to observe students’ behavior and act when they suspect that a student may be at risk of self-harm and/or suicide.

Q:  What specific steps should be followed in order to identify and help young people at risk?

A:  Listed below are steps that need to be taken by school employees to help those at risk:

●      Be informed on district protocol for helping a student who is at risk

●      Be aware of the warning signs that require immediate action

●      Know how to respond to warning signs:

○      Be prepared to act

○      Do not leave a student at imminent risk of suicide or self-harm alone

○      Get help when needed

○      Use your school’s support system

○      Connect with parents and/or guardians

●      Access additional information:  http://www.k12.wa.us/safetycenter/YouthSuicide/SuicidePrevention.aspx#intervention

Q:  Do People Threaten Suicide to Get Attention?

A:  Suicidal thoughts or actions are a sign of extreme distress and an alert that someone needs help. Any warning sign or symptom of suicide should not be ignored. All talk of suicide should be taken seriously and requires attention. Threatening to die by suicide is not a normal response to stress and should not be taken lightly.

Q:  If You Ask Someone About Suicide, Does It Put the Idea Into Their Head?

A:  Asking someone about suicide is not harmful. There is a common myth that asking someone about suicide can put the idea into their head. This is not true. Several studies examining this concern have demonstrated that asking people about suicidal thoughts and behavior does not induce or increase such thoughts and experiences. In fact, asking someone directly, “Are you thinking of killing yourself,” can be the best way to identify someone at risk for suicide.

Q:  What Should I Do if I Am in Crisis or Someone I Know Is Considering Suicide?

A:  If you or someone you know has warning signs or symptoms of suicide, particularly if there is a change in the behavior or a new behavior, get help as soon as possible.

Often, family and friends are the first to recognize the warning signs of suicide and can take the first step toward helping an at-risk individual find treatment with someone who specializes in diagnosing and treating mental health conditions. If someone is telling you that they are going to kill themselves, do not leave them alone. Do not promise anyone that you will keep their suicidal thoughts a secret. Make sure to tell a trusted friend or family member, or if you are a student, an adult with whom you feel comfortable. You can also contact the resources noted below.

Q:  What if Someone Is Posting Suicidal Messages on Social Media?

A:  Knowing how to get help for a friend posting suicidal messages on social media can save a life. Many social media sites have a process to report suicidal content and get help for the person posting the message. In addition, many of the social media sites use their analytic capabilities to identify and help report suicidal posts. Each offers different options on how to respond if you see concerning posts about suicide. For example:

●      Facebook Suicide Prevention webpage can be found at www.facebook.com/help/594991777257121/[use the search term “suicide” or “suicide prevention”].

●      Snapchat’s Support provides guidance at https://support.snapchat.com [use the search term, “suicide” or “suicide prevention”] 

●      Tumblr Counseling and Prevention Resources webpage can be found at https://tumblr.zendesk.com[use the search term “counseling” or “prevention,” then click on “Counseling and prevention resources”].

●      Twitter’s Best Practices in Dealing With Self-Harm and Suicide at https://support.twitter.com [use the search term “suicide,” “self-harm,” or “suicide prevention”].

●      YouTube’s Safety Center webpage can be found at https://support.google.com/youtube [use the search term “suicide and self injury”].

If you see messages or live streaming suicidal behavior on social media, call 911 or contact the toll-free National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1–800–273–TALK (8255), or text the Crisis Text Line (text HOME to 741741) available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals can contact the Lifeline via TTY at 1–800–799–4889. All calls are confidential. This service is available to everyone. People—even strangers—have saved lives by being vigilant.

Q:  Is Non-Suicidal Self Injury (cutting, etc) a suicide attempt?

A:  No. Non-Suicidal Self Injury (NSSI) is most often used as a way to try to regulate emotional pain, or sooth oneself - not as a means of ending one’s life. Nor does the presence of NSSI indicate suicidal ideation. While self-injury is a risk factor for NSSI, they differ in several important ways including but not limited to:

●      Expressed intent: the expressed intent of NSSI is almost always to feel better whereas for suicide it is to end feeling (and hence, life) altogether

●      Frequency: NSSI is often used regularly or off and on to manage stress and other emotions; suicide-related behaviors are much more rare.

Q:  Where can I find more information on Non-Suicidal Self Injury?

A: The link listed below provides additional information and resources regarding NSSI.

http://selfinjury.bctr.cornell.edu/perch/resources/the-relationship-between-nssi-and-suicide-5.pdf

Q:  Where can I get additional training on mental health and suicide prevention?"

A:  Information and free local training options can be found on gettrainedtohelp.com for the programs listed below:

●      ASIST

●      Youth Mental Health First Aid

●      QPR (question, persuade, refer)

References:

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/suicide-faq/suicideinamericafaq-508_149986.pdf

http://selfinjury.bctr.cornell.edu/perch/resources/the-relationship-between-nssi-and-suicide-5.pdf

http://www.k12.wa.us/safetycenter/YouthSuicide/SuicidePrevention.aspx#intervention

Trauma Informed Instruction

Q:  What is trauma informed instruction?

A:  “Trauma-informed in schools means being informed about and sensitive to trauma, and providing a safe, stable, and understanding environment for students and staff. A primary goal is to prevent re-injury or re-traumatization by acknowledging trauma and its triggers, and avoiding stigmatizing and punishing students.” (www.elc-pa.org)

Q:  What are the Seven Key Elements of Trauma-Informed Systems?

  1. Screen routinely for trauma exposure and symptoms.
  2. Implement culturally appropriate, evidence-based assessments and treatments for traumatic stress and symptoms.
  3. Provide resources to children, families, and providers on trauma, its impact,
    and treatment options.
  4. Build on the strengths of children and families impacted by trauma.
  5. Address parent and caregiver trauma.
  6. Collaborate across child-serving systems to coordinate care.
  7. Support staff by minimizing and treating secondary traumatic stress, which
    can lead to burnout.

Source:  National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Health Education Question and Answer Protocol

Health Education Question & Answer Protocol

Philosophy:

The role of the health teacher is to provide information and assist in building skills which will enable students to make informed decisions and build foundations for healthy lifestyles. The Beaverton School District recognizes that families are the primary health educators of their children. In respect for the diversity of our community, health educators are expected to distinguish between widely shared beliefs or values and controversial issues related to the learning targets in the K-12 health curriculum. Widely shared beliefs or values are those shared by most families, or specifically written into law or policy, which the teacher is, in fact, expected to teach.

Young people tend to have a lot of questions. These questions can have many different motivations. As a health teach, you will likely receive many questions that at times can be difficult to answer. The protocol listed below is intended as a guide to help you navigate and answer some of the more challenging/sensitive questions that you may receive

An important component to remember:  Students won’t remember every fact you tell them, but they will remember if  they felt comfortable, validated and/or reassured and whether you conveyed positive health attitudes through your words, tone of voice and facial expressions.

A – Affirm the asker.

N – Note the question as values-based.

S – State the facts.

W – What is the range of values and beliefs people have?

E – Encourage talking to family, faith leader, or another adult that they trust.

R – Remain available.

 Health Education Question & Answer Protocol

A – Affirm the asker. “That’s an important issue… I’m glad you asked… A lot of people wonder that.”

N – Note the question as values-based (if it is one). “That’s a belief question. Many people, families, and religions have different answers.”

S – State the facts. “Before we look at beliefs, let’s examine a few facts…”

W – What is the range of values and beliefs people have? (This does not mean asking the class to share their personal beliefs.)

 “Different people believe things about _________.  What do you think some people believe?” Here the teacher has four jobs:

(1) to ensure that as complete a range of beliefs as possible is described

(2) to ensure that each belief position is expressed in as fair and even-handed a way as possible…preferably in the way the person who holds it would describe it if he/she were there

(3) to create a climate in the classroom where all beliefs are respected

(4) teachers should not be sharing personal beliefs that are not widely shared on a topic with students - Stick to the facts.

E – Encourage talking to family, faith leader, or another trusted adult.

“Since people have such different beliefs about _____, I would encourage you to find out what your families believe. Talk about it with people you trust, especially adults.”

R – Remain available.  “I appreciate your question, and I want you to know that I am here as a support and resource for you.”  Provide students with your school contact information and the opportunity to ask questions in a safe environment (email, question box, before/after school, etc.).

Parent Information

Back To School Night Information

Health Educators will be expected to provide a detailed overview to families regarding their Health Curriculum as part of a Back to School Night presentation or a separate Health Night.  In all areas, parents and guardians are a child’s first and most influential teachers.  Parents, guardians and schools share a common goal: we want students of all ages to be healthy in all aspects of their lives.  As Health Educators we want to encourage families to ask their child what they are learning in health education class in all lessons, not only those relating to sexual health.  We also want to provide families with information, strategies, and resources to support their child in leading a healthy lifestyle.

Opting Out of Health Lessons

The Beaverton School District values the importance of educating our students to make

The Beaverton School District values the importance of educating our students to make healthy choices, manage the demands of their lives, and to develop healthy coping mechanisms.  The K-12 comprehensive health education curriculum adopted by the Beaverton School District promotes a rigorous and balanced skills based approach to teaching health, based on the Oregon Health Education Standards and Performance Indicators and Oregon State Laws.

The grade level learning targets and materials have been thoughtfully reviewed by district teachers, administrators, parents, community representatives and health professionals to insure that the content is medically accurate, developmentally appropriate, and acceptable to the community. Teachers have been trained in best practices for teaching health skills through the new curricula.

In all areas, parents and guardians are a child’s first and most influential teachers. Parents, guardians and schools share a common goal: we want students of all ages to be healthy in all aspects of their lives. Ask your child what he or she is learning in health education class in all lessons, not only those relating to sexual health.

If you are interested in an overview of this curriculum, you may also access information on our district website.

After reviewing this material, if you have further questions regarding all or part of the health curriculum, please inquire with your school administration. If you so choose, your administrator can refer you to the curriculum opt-out documentation.

Erin's Law

Erin's Law

What Is Erin’s Law?

In 2015, the Oregon legislature passed SB 856, also known as Erin’s Law. Erin’s Law requires the development and adoption of child sexual abuse prevention programs for students in kindergarten through 12th grade ​in all Oregon public schools.

SB 856 mandates that all Oregon Public Schools provide:

  • A minimum of 4 instructional sessions (equal to or greater than a standard class period) of sex abuse prevention instruction per year for grades kindergarten through 12.

  • Sexual abuse instruction that is integrated and part of required district comprehensive sexuality education plan and is aligned with state standards.

  • Instruction that is age appropriate, medically accurate, and is not shame or fear based.

  • Instruction that is culturally inclusive and is responsive to diverse students including race, ethnicity, gender identity and sexual orientation.

  • A parental involvement component to inform parents about child sexual abuse topics.

  • A professional training component for administrators, teachers and other school personnel.

​​Resources

 

 

Additional Health Education Resources

The following resources contain information and guidance on the Health Standards required by the State of Oregon.

Oregon Department of Education Health Guidance

Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Oregon

SHAPE America

Parent Information

Back To School Night Information

Health Educators will be expected to provide a detailed overview to families regarding their Health Curriculum as part of a Back to School Night presentation or a separate Health Night.  In all areas, parents and guardians are a child’s first and most influential teachers.  Parents, guardians and schools share a common goal: we want students of all ages to be healthy in all aspects of their lives.  As Health Educators we want to encourage families to ask their child what they are learning in health education class in all lessons, not only those relating to sexual health.  We also want to provide families with information, strategies, and resources to support their child in leading a healthy lifestyle.

Opting Out of Health Lessons

The Beaverton School District values the importance of educating our students to make

The Beaverton School District values the importance of educating our students to make healthy choices, manage the demands of their lives, and to develop healthy coping mechanisms.  The K-12 comprehensive health education curriculum adopted by the Beaverton School District promotes a rigorous and balanced skills based approach to teaching health, based on the Oregon Health Education Standards and Performance Indicators and Oregon State Laws.

The grade level learning targets and materials have been thoughtfully reviewed by district teachers, administrators, parents, community representatives and health professionals to insure that the content is medically accurate, developmentally appropriate, and acceptable to the community. Teachers have been trained in best practices for teaching health skills through the new curricula.

In all areas, parents and guardians are a child’s first and most influential teachers. Parents, guardians and schools share a common goal: we want students of all ages to be healthy in all aspects of their lives. Ask your child what he or she is learning in health education class in all lessons, not only those relating to sexual health.

If you are interested in an overview of this curriculum, you may also access information on our district website.

After reviewing this material, if you have further questions regarding all or part of the health curriculum, please inquire with your school administration. If you so choose, your administrator can refer you to the curriculum opt-out documentation.