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4th Grade ELA Learning Targets

English Lang Arts, 4

(Reading) ALT 1 - Literature

READING LITERATURE: I can read and understand literature.

AST 1.1 - (Key Ideas) - Refer to Details  :  I can refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

AST 1.2 - (Key Ideas) - Determine Theme  :  I can determine the theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in a text, and summarize the text.

AST 1.3 - (Key Ideas) - Describe Characters  :   can describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions).

AST 1.4 - (Craft-Struct) - Determine Meaning  :  I can determine the meaning of words and phrases used in text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology.

AST 1.5 - (Craft-Struct) - Explain Major Differences :   can explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, setting, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.

AST 1.6 - (Craft-Struct) - Compare,Contrast  :  I can compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first-and third-person narrations.

AST 1.7 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Make Connections  :  I can make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.

AST 1.8 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Compare, Contrast  :  I can compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.

AST 1.9 - (Range of Reading) - Read, Comprehend  :  By the end of the year, I can read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

(Reading) ALT 2 - Info Text

READING INFORMATIONAL: I can read and understand informational texts.

AST 2.1 - (Key Ideas) - Refer to Details  :  I can refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

AST 2.2 - (Key Ideas) - Determine Main Idea  :  I can determine the main idea of the text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.

AST 2.3 - (Key Ideas) - Explain Events  :  I can explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in text.

AST 2.4 - (Craft-Struct) - Determine Meaning  :  I can determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.

AST 2.5 - (Craft-Struct) - Describe Structure  :  I can describe the overall structure (e.g. chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.

AST 2.6 - (Craft-Struct) - Compare, Contrast  :  I can compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and information provided.

AST 2.7 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Interpret Information  :  I can interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.

AST 2.8 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Use Reason,Evidence  :  I can explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

AST 2.9 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Integrate Information  :  I can integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

AST 2.10 - (Range Reading) - Read, Comprehend  :  By the end of the year, I will be able to read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

(Rdg) ALT 3 - Phonics

READING FOUNDATION: Phonics and Word Recognition: I know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

AST 3.1 - (Phonics Word Recognition) - All Letter Sound  :  I can use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.

(Reading) ALT 4 - Accuracy

READING FOUNDATION: Fluency: I can read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

AST 4.1 - (Phonics Word Recognition) - Use Combined Knowledge  :  I can use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.

AST 4.2 - (Fluency) - Read Grade Level Text  :  I can read grade-level text with purpose and understanding.

AST 4.3 - (Fluency) - Read Grade Level Prose  :  I can read grade-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, at an appropriate rate, and with expression on successive readings.

AST 4.4 - (Fluency) - Use Context  :  I can use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

(Writing) ALT 1 - Opinion

I can write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.

AST 1.1 - Focus and Organizational Structure  :  Focus and Organizational Structure: I can introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure grouping related ideas that supports my purpose.

AST 1.2 - Elaboration  :  Elaboration: I can provide reasons for my opinion that are supported by facts and details.

AST 1.3 - Transition  :  Transition: I can link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to, in addition).

AST 1.4 - Conclusion  :  Conclusion: I can provide a concluding section or statement related to my opinion.

(Writing) ALT 2 - Informative-Explanatory

I can write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic to convey ideas and information clearly.

AST 2.1 - Focus and Organizational Structure  :  Focus and Organizational Structure: I can introduce a topic, group related information into paragraphs and sections, and include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, or multimedia when useful.

AST 2.2 - Elaboration  :  Elaboration: I can use facts, definitions, details, examples or quotations to develop a topic.

AST 2.3 - Transition  :  Transition: I can use linking words and phrases to connect ideas within categories (e.g., another, for example, also, because).

AST 2.4 - Precise Language  :  Precise Language: I can use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

AST 2.5 - Conclusion  :  Conclusion: I can provide a concluding statement or section related to information or explanation presented.

(Writing) ALT 3 - Narrative

I can write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using descriptive details and clear sequences.

AST 3.1 - Focus and Organizational Structure  :  Focus and Organizational Structure: I can establish a situation, introduce a narrator and/or characters, and organize an event sequence.

AST 3.2 - Elaboration  :  Elaboration: I can use dialogue and descriptions to develop events and/or show response of characters to situations.

AST 3.3 - Transition  :  Transition: I can use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage sequence of events.

AST 3.4 - Precise Language  :  Precise Language: I can use a variety of transitional words and phrases to manage event sequence.

AST 3.5 - Conclusion  :  Conclusion: I can provide a conclusion that follows from the experience or events.

(Language) ALT 1 - Grammar

I can demonstrate command of standard English grammar when writing or speaking.

AST 1.1 - Relative Pronouns  :  relative pronouns (who, whom, whose, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why)

AST 1.2 - Progressive Verb Tenses  :  Form and use the progressive verb tenses

AST 1.3 - Modal Auxiliaries  :  use modal auxiliaries to convey various conditions

AST 1.4 - Ordering Adjectives  :  order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns

AST 1.5 - Prepositions  :  form and use prepositional phrases

AST 1.6 - Complete Sentences  :  produce complete sentences, recognizing and correcting inappropriate fragments and run-ons

AST 1.7 - Choosing Words or Phrases  :  choose words or phrases to convey ideas precisely

AST 1.8 - Formal-Informal English  :  differentiate between contexts that call for formal and informal English

(Language) ALT 2 - Conventions

I can demonstrate command of the conventions of capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

AST 2.1 - Capitalization  :  correct capitalization

AST 2.2 - Commas and Quotations  :  commas and quotations from speech, text and coordinating conjunctions in a compound sentence

AST 2.3 - Spelling  :  spell grade level appropriate words

AST 2.4 - Punctuation  :  choose punctuation for effect

(Language) ALT 3 - Knowledge of Language

I can use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

AST 3.1 - Convey Ideas  :  I can choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.

AST 3.2 - Punctuation  :  I can choose punctuation for effect.

AST 3.3 - Differentiate between Contexts  :  I can differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g. presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small group discussion)

(Language) ALT 4 - Unknown -Mult Meaning Words

I can determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

AST 4.1 - Use Context  :  I can use context (e.g., definitions, examples, or restatements in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

AST 4.2 - Greek and Latin Affixes  :  I can use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., telegraph, photograph, autograph).

AST 4.3 - Consult Reference Materials  :  I can consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.

(Language) ALT 5 - Word Relationships

I can demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

AST 5.1 - Similes and Metaphors  :  I can explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context.

AST 5.2 - Idioms, Adages, Proverbs  :  I can recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

AST 5.3 - Antonyms  :  I can demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).

(Language) ALT 6 - Using Words and Phrases

I can acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation).

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 1 - Conversations.-Collaboration Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 2 - Integrate-Evaluate

Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 3 - Evaluate. Speaking. Point of View

Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 4 - Line of Reason

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

(Speaking-Listening)) ALT 5- Display Data

Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 6 - Adapt Speech

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.