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5th Grade ELA Learning Targets

English Lang Arts, 5

(Reading) ALT 1 - Literature

I can read and understand literature.

AST 1.1 - (Key Ideas) - Use Quote  :  I can use quote frequently and effectively from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

AST 1.2 - (Key Ideas) - Determine A Theme  :  I can determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize a text.

AST 1.3 - (Key Ideas) - Compare, Contrast Characters  :   I can compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).

AST 1.4 - (Craft-Structure) - Figurative Language  :  I can determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.

AST 1.5 - (Craft-Structure) - Structure of Story  :  I can explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.

AST 1.6 - (Craft-Structure) - Narrator's Point of View  :  I can describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described.

AST 1.7 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Visual Elements  :  I can analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction, folktale, myth, poem).

AST 1.8 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Same Genre  :  I can compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.

AST 1.9 - (Range-Reading) - Read, Comprehend  :  By the end of the year, I will be able to read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, poetry at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

(Reading) ALT 2 - Info Text

I can read and understand informational texts.

AST 2.1 - (Key Ideas) - Quote Accurately  :  I can quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

AST 2.2 - (Key Ideas) - Two Main Ideas  :  I can determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

AST 2.3 - (Key Ideas) - Relationships  :  I can explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.

AST 2.4 - (Craft-Structure) - Meaning of Words  :  I can determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.

AST 2.5 - (Craft-Structure) - Compare, Contrast  :  I can compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g. chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.

AST 2.6 - (Craft-Structure) - Analyze Multiple Account  :  I can analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

AST 2.7 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Draw on Information  :  I can draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

AST 2.8 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Reasons, Evidence  :  I can explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point(s).

AST 2.9 - (Knowledge-Ideas) - Integrate Info  :  I can integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

AST 2.10 - (Range of Reading) - Informational Text  :  By the end of the year, I will be able to read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

(Reading) ALT 3 - Decode Words

READING FOUNDATIONAL: I know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

AST 3.1 - (Foundational) - Letter-Sound  :  I can use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.

(Reading) ALT 4 - Accuracy-Fluency

READING FOUNDATIONAL: I can read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

AST 4.1 - (Foundation) - On-level Text  :  I can read on-level text with purpose and understanding.

AST 4.2 - (Foundation) - Prose and Poetry  :  I can read grade-level prose and poetry orally with accuracy, at an appropriate rate, and with expression on successive readings.

AST 4.3 - (Foundation) - Word Recognition  :  I can use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

(Writing) ALT 1 - Opinion

I can write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.

AST 1.1 - Focus and Organizational Structure  :  Focus and Organizational Structure: I can introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create a logical organizational structure in which ideas are logically grouped to support my purpose.

AST 1.2 - Elaboration  :  Elaboration: I can provide logically ordered reasons for my opinion that are supported by facts and details.

AST 1.3 - Transition  :  Transition: I can use words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently, specifically) to link opinions and reasons.

AST 1.4 - Conclusion  :  Conclusion: I can provide a concluding section or statement related to my opinion.

(Writing) ALT 2 - Informative-Explanatory

I can write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic to convey ideas and information clearly.

AST 2.1 - Focus and Organizational Structure  :  Focus and Organizational Structure: I can introduce a topic, provide a general focus, group related information, and include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, or multimedia when useful.

AST 2.2 - Supporting Details  :  I can use facts, definitions, details, quotations or other relevant information to develop a topic.

AST 2.3 - Transition  :  Transition: I can use phrases and clauses to link ideas within and across categories (e.g., in contrast, especially).

AST 2.4 - Precise Language  :  Precise Language: I use precise language and topic-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

AST 2.5 - Conclusion  :  Conclusion: I can provide a concluding statement or section related to information or explanation presented.

(Writing) ALT 3 - Narrative

I can write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using descriptive details and clear sequences.

AST 3.1 - Focus and Organizational Structure  :  Focus and Organizational Structure: I can establish a situation, introduce a narrator and/or characters, and organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.

AST 3.2 - Elaboration  :  Elaboration: I can use dialogue, descriptions and pacing to develop experiences and events or show the responses of characters to situations.

AST 3.3 - Transition  :  Transition: I can use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage sequence of events.

AST 3.4 - Precise Language  :  Precise Language: I can use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.

AST 3.5 - Conclusion  :  Conclusion: I can provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences and events.

(Language) ALT 1 - Grammar

I can demonstrate command of standard English grammar when writing or speaking.

AST 1.1 - Conjunction, Preposition, Interjection  :  I can explain the function of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections in general and their function in particular sentences.

AST 1.2 - Perfect Verb Tenses  :  Form and use the perfect (e.g., I had walked; I have walked; I will have walked) verb tenses.

AST 1.3 - Sequence-States-Conditions  :  Use verb tense to convey various times, sequences, states, and conditions.

AST 1.4 - Inappropriate Verb Shifts  :  Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb tense.

AST 1.5 - Correlative Conjunctions  :  Use correlative conjunctions (e.g., either/or, neither/nor).

(Language) ALT 2 - Conventions

I can demonstrate command of the conventions of capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

AST 2.1 - Punctuation to Separate  :  Use punctuation to separate items in a series.*

AST 2.2 - Comma Use in Intro  :  Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence.

AST 2.3 - Comma Use to Set Off Words  :  Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It’s true, isn’t it?), and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).

AST 2.4 - Underlining, Quotes, Italics  :  Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.

AST 2.5 - Grade-appropriate Spelling  :  Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed.

(Language) ALT 3 - Knowledge of Language

I can use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

AST 3.1 - Expand, Combine, Reduce Sentences  :  I can expand, combine, and reduce sentences for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style.

AST 3.2 - Compare, Contrast Varieties of English  :  I can compare and contrast the varieties of English (e.g., dialects, registers) used in stories, dramas, or poems

(Language) ALT 4 - Unknown -Multiple Meaning Words

I can determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 5 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

AST 4.1 - Use Context  :  I can use context (e.g., cause/effect relationships and comparisons in text) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

AST 4.2 - Greek and Latin Affixes  :  I can use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., photograph, photosynthesis).

AST 4.3 - Consult Reference Materials  :  I can consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.

(Language) ALT 5 - Word Relationships

I can demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

AST 5.1 - Interpret Figurative Language  :  I can interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.

AST 5.2 - Idioms, Adages, Proverbs  :  I can recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.

AST 5.3 - Use Relationship Between Words  :  I can use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.

(Language) ALT 6 - Using Words and Phrases

I can acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships (e.g., however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition).

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 1 - Conversations-Collaboration

Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 2 - Integrate-Evaluate

Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 3 - Evaluate Speaking. Point of View

Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 4 - Line of Reason

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 5- Display Data

Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.

(Speaking-Listening) ALT 6 - Adapt Speechh

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.