5th Grade Science Learning Targets
ALT 1 - Matter - Small Particles
Develop a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen.
ALT 2 - Matter - Weight of Matter
Measure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances, the total weight of matter is conserved.
ALT 3 - Matter - Identify Materials
Make observations and measurements to identify materials based on their properties.
ALT 4 - Matter - Mixing Substances
Conduct an investigation to determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances.
ALT 5 - Motion and Stability - Gravitational Force
Support an argument that the gravitational force exerted by Earth on objects is directed down.
ALT 6 - Energy - Energy from the Sun
Use models to describe that energy in animals’ food (used for body repair, growth, motion, and to maintain body warmth) was once energy from the sun.
ALT 7 - Molecules to Organisms - Air and Water
Support an argument that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water.
ALT 8 - Ecosystems - Movement of Matter
Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.
ALT 9 - Earth's Place - Brightness of the Sun
Support an argument that differences in the apparent brightness of the sun compared to other stars is due to their relative distances from Earth.
ALT 10 - Earth's Place - Night Sky
Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.
ALT 11 - Earth's Systems - Atmospheric Interaction
Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact.
ALT 12 - Earth's Systems - Distribution of Water
Describe and graph the amounts and percentages of water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.
ALT 13 - Earth and Human - Protecting Earth
Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment.
ALT 14 - Engineering Design - Design Problem
(Grades 3-5) Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.
ALT 15 - Engineering Design - Possible Solutions
(Grades 3-5) Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
ALT 16 - Engineering Design - Model Improvement
(Grades 3-5) Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.