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8th Grade Science Learning Targets

Science, 8

ALT 1 - Scientific Inquiry

Designs and conducts a scientific investigation that uses appropriate tools, techniques, independent and dependent variables, and controls to collect relevant data.

AST 1.1 - Question and Hypothesis  :  I can design and conduct a scientific investigation that uses appropriate tools, techniques, independent and dependent variables, and controls to collect relevant data.

AST 1.2 - Design a Logical and Safe Experiment  :  I can design a logical and safe experiment that uses appropriate tools and techniques. I can clearly communicate my procedure so that others can follow it.

AST 1.3 - Collect and Present Relevant Data  :  I can collect and present relevant data by independently constructing data tables and the appropriate types of graphs data.

AST 1.4 - Analyze Data and Suggest Improvements  :  I can analyze data and/or observations and give evidence based explanations, identifying possible sources of error. I can communicate my results, suggest improvements, and propose new investigations based on the analysis of results.

ALT 2 - Engineering Design

Designs, constructs, tests and evaluates a simple solution to a defined problem using appropriate tools and materials.

AST 2.1 - Criteria and Constraints  :  Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions. (MS-ETS1-1)

AST 2.2 - Evaluate Design Solutions  :  I can evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem. (MS-EST1-2)

AST 2.3 - Analyze Data and Create New Solution  :  I can analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success (MS-EST1-3)

AST 2.4 - Create Optimal Design  :  I can develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved. (MS-EST1-4)

ALT 3 - Matter

Explains how atomic and molecular interactions determine the properties of matter that we see and feel.

AST 3.1 - Inquiry  :  I can analyze and interpret data to make conclusions about the structure and properties of matter.

AST 3.2 - Engineering  :  I can design, construct, test and evaluate a simple solution to a defined problem using appropriate tools and materials.

AST 3.3 - Informational Text  :  I can read and use informational text about matter to answer relevant questions.

AST 3.4 - Model Atomic Composition  :  I can develop models to describe the atomic composition of simple molecules and extended structures. (MS-PS1-1)

AST 3.5 - Model Particle Motion  :  I can develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed. (MS-PS1-4)

AST 3.6 - Synthetic Materials   :  I can gather and make sense of information to describe that synthetic materials come from natural resources and impact society. (MS-PS1-3)

ALT 4 - Chemical Reactions

Compares and contrasts physical and chemical changes and describes how the law of conservation of mass applies to these changes.

AST 4.1 - Inquiry  :  I can analyze and interpret data on the properties of substances before and after the substances interact to determine if a chemical reaction has occurred. (MS-PS1-2)

AST 4.2 - Engineering  :  I can undertake a design project to construct, test, and modify a device that either releases or absorbs thermal energy by chemical processes. (MS-PS1-6)

AST 4.3 - Informational Text  :  I can read and use informational text about chemical reactions to answer relevant questions.

AST 4.4 - Conservation of Mass  :  I can develop and use a model to describe how the total number of atoms does not change in a chemical reaction and thus mass is conserved. (MS-PS1-5)

ALT 5 - Earth in Space

Explains the Earth/Sun/Moon system and the role of gravity in the Universe.

AST 5.1 - Inquiry  :  I can analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system. (MS-ESS1-3)

AST 5.2 - Engineering  :  I can design, construct, test and evaluate a simple solution to a defined problem using appropriate tools and materials.

AST 5.3 - Informational Text  :  I can read and use informational text about earth in space to answer relevant questions.

AST 5.4 - Model Earth/Sun/Moon System  :  I can develop and use a model of the earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun, moon, and seasons. (MS-ESS1-1)

AST 5.5 - Gravity and Motion  :  I can develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system. (MS-ESS1-2)

AST 5.6 - Properties of Gravity  :  Construct and present arguments using evidence to support the claim that gravitational interactions are attractive and depend on the masses of interacting objects. (MS-PS2-4)

AST 5.7 - Waves Interacting with Materials  :  I can develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials. (MS-PS4-2) (Added from 7th grade)

ALT 6 - Change Over Time

Shows evidence for changes in the Earth over time.

AST 6.1 - Inquiry  :  I can analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past (MS-LS4-1)

AST 6.2 - Engineering  :  I can design, construct, test and evaluate a simple solution to a defined problem using appropriate tools and materials.

AST 6.3 - Informational Text  :  I can read and use informational text about evolution to answer relevant questions.

AST 6.4 - Cycling of Earth's Materials  :  I can develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process (MS-ESS2-1) (Added from 7th grade)

AST 6.5 - Evidence of Plate Motion  :  I can analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions (MS-ESS2-3)

ALT 6.6 - Geological Time Scale  :  I can construct a scientific explanation based on evidence from rock strata for how the geologic time scale is used to organize Earth’s 4.6 billion year old history. (MS-ESS1-4)

ALT 7 - Natural Selection

Explains how organisms change over time in response to changes in the environment.

AST 7.1 - Inquiry  :  I can analyze and interpret data to make conclusions about the principles of natural selection.

AST 7.2 - Engineering  :  I can design, construct, test and evaluate a simple solution to a defined problem using appropriate tools and materials.

AST 7.3 - Informational Text  :  I can read and use informational text about natural selection to answer relevant questions.

AST 7.4 - Evolutionary Relationships  :  I can apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern organisms and between modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships. (MS-LS4-2) (Moved from ALT 6: Change Over Time to Natural Selection)

AST 7.5 - Natural Selection and Trait Frequency  :  I can use mathematical representations to support explanations of how natural selection may lead to increases and decreases of specific traits in populations over time. (MS-LS4-6)

AST 7.6 - Survival and Reproduction  :  I can construct an explanation based on evidence that describes how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individuals’ probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment. (MS-LS4-4)

AST 7.7 – Survival and Reproduction  :  I can construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of organisms. (MS-LS1-5)

AST 7.8 - Embryological Development  :  I can analyze displays of pictorial data to compare patterns of similarities in the embryological development across multiple species to identify relationships not evident in the fully formed anatomy. (MS-LS4-3)

AST 7.9 - Technology and Desired Traits  :  I can gather and synthesize information about the technologies that have changed the way humans influence the inheritance of desired traits in organisms. (MS-LS4-5)