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Chemistry Learning Targets

Science, CHEMISTRY

(CH1) ALT 1 - KMT

Uses models to illustrate how pressure, temperature, and volume affect the motions of particles and how this relates to climate change.

AST 1.1  :  Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative positions of particles (objects) (HS-PS3-2).

AST 1.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concept of KMT- (Examples: Thermometers, Barometers, or Stirling Engines)

AST 1.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze information texts about climate change and kinetic molecular theory to answer relevant questions.

AST 1.4  :  Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems (HS-ESS3-5).

AST 1.5  :  Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity. (HS-ESS3-6)

(CH1) ALT 2 - Atomic Structure and Periodic Table

Uses models of the atom to describe how valence electrons determine the patterns of the periodic table and the properties of the elements.

AST 2.1  :  Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements based on the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level of atoms.(HS-PS1-1)

AST 2.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design and optimize a device that utilizes the concepts of Atomic Structure and Periodic Table (Batteries, Material science project - How does the periodic table help us determine the properties of materials? - Tie to Art)

AST 2.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze information texts about atomic structure and the periodic table to answer relevant questions.

AST 2.4  :  Analyze data to determine periodic trends (optional for Chemistry 1)

AST 2.5  :  Names and write chemical symbols accurately.

(CH1) ALT 3 - Nuclear Processes

Develops models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay.

AST 3.1  :  Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history (radiometric dating). (HS-ESS1-6)

AST 3.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concepts of nuclear processes (Examples ?)

AST 3.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze information texts about nuclear processes to answer relevant questions.

AST 3.4  :  Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy in the form of radiation and communicate scientific ideas about the way stars, over their life cycle, produce elements. (HS-ESS1-1)

AST 3.5  :  Develop models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay. (HS-PS1-8)

(CH1) ALT 4 - Bonding and IMF

Uses data and models to describe the types and properties of chemical bonds, to inform the formulas of substances, to predict intermolecular forces, and to explain macro-level physical properties of substances.

AST 4.1  :  Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.(HS-PS1-3)

AST 4.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concepts of bonding and IMF - (Examples: soap, chapstick, candy)

AST 4.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze information texts about bonding and intermolecular forces to answer relevant questions.

AST 4.4  :  Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials.(HS-PS2-6)

AST 4.5  :  Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.(HS-ESS2-5)

(CH1) ALT 5 - Reactions

Predicts the products of simple chemical reactions, balance equations, construct explanations for observed reaction outcomes, and provide evidence for the conservation of mass.

AST 5.1  :  Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.(HS-PS1-2)

AST 5.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concept of reactions (Examples: ?)

AST 5.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze information texts about reactions to answer relevant questions.

AST 5.4  :  Classify reactions to Identify patterns in how compounds break apart and recombine.

(CH1) ALT 6 - Stoichiometry

Uses mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction.

AST 6.1  :  Plan and conduct an investigation that demonstrates conservation of mass involving the stoichiometry of a balanced chemical equation.

AST 6.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concept of Stoichiometry (Examples: Airbag, Bath fizzies)

AST 6.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze information texts about reactions and conservation of mass to answer relevant questions.

AST 6.4  :  Use mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction.(HS-PS1-7)

(CH1) ALT 7 - Thermochemistry and Bond Energy

Develops and uses models to explain how energy is transferred between systems and surroundings in physical and chemical thermodynamic processes.

AST 7.1  :  Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics) (HS-PS3-4)

AST 7.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy. (Examples: Hot and cold pack, pop-pop boats, immersion heating device to heat coffee, designing a heating and cooling system)

AST 7.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze informational texts about thermochemistry (bond energy) to answer relevant questions.

AST 7.4  :  Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.(HS-PS1-4)

AST 7.5  :  Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative positions of particles (objects) - Focus on bond energy (HS-PS3-2)

(CH1) ALT 8 - Rates and Equilibrium

Makes predictions and construct explanations for the effects of changing reaction conditions on reaction rates and equilibria.

AST 8.1  :  Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.(HS-PS1-5)

AST 8.2  :  Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.(HS-PS1-6)

AST 8.3 - Informational Text  :  I can read and analyze information texts about reaction rates and equilibrium to answer relevant questions.

AST 8.4  :  Explain concept of pH, strong vs weak acids/bases, effects of concentration of hydrogen and hydroxide ions on pH, acid-base neutralization reactions.

(CH1) ALT 9 - Scientific Inquiry

Uses the inquiry process as a controlled and data-driven means to investigate scientific questions.

AST 9.1 - Formulate the question  :  Based on observations and science principles, I can formulate a question or hypothesis that can be investigated through the collection and analysis of relevant information.

AST 9.2 - Design the Investigation  :  Design and conduct a controlled experiment, field study, or other investigation to make systematic observations about the natural world, including the collection of sufficient and appropriate data.

AST 9.3 - Collect and Present Data  :  Collect, organize, and display sufficient and appropriate data to facilitate scientific analysis and interpretation.

AST 9.4 - Analyze and Interpret Results  :  Summarize and analyze data to draw a valid and supported conclusion to communicate the findings of an investigation, and identify uncertainties.

AST 9.5 - Knowledge and Technology Progression  :  Explain how technological problems and advances create a demand for new scientific knowledge and how new knowledge enables the creation of new technologies.

(CH1) ALT 10 - Engineering Design

Uses the engineering design process as an iterative and productive means of problem solving.

AST 10.1 - Identify and Define the Problem  :  Describe a problem to be solved through the process of engineering, describe the relevant principles that relate to the problem, and identify appropriate criteria and constraints for a solution.

AST 10.2 - Generate Possible Solutions  :  Evaluate and select an engineering solution from a range of possible options and defend that solution for testing using trade-offs, criteria, and constraints.

AST 10.3 - Test Solution(s) and Collect Data  :  Test solution(s) by collecting, organizing, and displaying data to facilitate the analysis and interpretation of results.

AST 10. 4 - Analyze and Interpret Results  :  Summarize and analyze data, evaluate the proposed solution, identify uncertainties, and suggest design improvements.

AST 10.5 - Impacts of Technology  :  Describe how new technologies enable new lines of scientific inquiry and are largely responsible for changes in how people live and work.

(STEM) ALT 1 - KMT

Uses models to illustrate how pressure, temperature, and volume affect the motions of particles and how this relates to climate change.

AST 1.1   :  Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative positions of particles (objects) (HS-PS3-2).

AST 1.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concept of KMT- (Examples: Thermometers, Barometers, or Stirling Engines)

AST 1.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze information texts about climate change and kinetic molecular theory to answer relevant questions.

AST 1.4  :  Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity. (HS-ESS3-6)

AST 1.5  :  Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity. (HS-ESS3-6)

(STEM) ALT 2 - Atomic Structure and Periodic Table

Uses models of the atom to describe how valence electrons determine the patterns of the periodic table and the properties of the elements.

AST 2.1  :  Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity. (HS-ESS3-6)

AST 2.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design and optimize a device that utilizes the concepts of Atomic Structure and Periodic Table (Batteries, Material science project - How does the periodic table help us determine the properties of materials? - Tie to Art)

AST 2.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze information texts about atomic structure and the periodic table to answer relevant questions.

AST 2.4  :  Analyze data to determine periodic trends (optional for Chemistry 1)

AST 2.5  :  Names and write chemical symbols accurately.

(STEM) ALT 3 - Nuclear Processes

Develops models to illustrate the changes in the composition of the nucleus of the atom and the energy released during the processes of fission, fusion, and radioactive decay.

AST 3.1  :  Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history (radiometric dating). (HS-ESS1-6)

AST 3.2 - Engineering Design  :  Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s formation and early history (radiometric dating). (HS-ESS1-6)

AST 3.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze information texts about nuclear processes to answer relevant questions.

AST 3.4  :  Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy in the form of radiation and communicate scientific ideas about the way stars, over their life cycle, produce elements. (HS-ESS1-1)

AST 3.5  :  Develop a model based on evidence to illustrate the life span of the sun and the role of nuclear fusion in the sun’s core to release energy in the form of radiation and communicate scientific ideas about the way stars, over their life cycle, produce elements. (HS-ESS1-1)

(STEM) ALT 4 - Bonding and IMF

Uses data and models to describe the types and properties of chemical bonds, to inform the formulas of substances, to predict intermolecular forces, and to explain macro-level physical properties of substances.

AST 4.1  :  Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence to compare the structure of substances at the bulk scale to infer the strength of electrical forces between particles.(HS-PS1-3)

AST 4.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concepts of bonding and IMF - (Examples: soap, chapstick, candy)

AST 4.3 - Informational Text  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concepts of bonding and IMF - (Examples: soap, chapstick, candy)

AST 4.4  :  Communicate scientific and technical information about why the molecular-level structure is important in the functioning of designed materials.(HS-PS2-6)

AST 4.5  :  Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.(HS-ESS2-5)

(STEM) ALT 5 - Reactions

Predicts the products of simple chemical reactions, balance equations, construct explanations for observed reaction outcomes, and provide evidence for the conservation of mass.

AST 5.1  :  Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.(HS-PS1-2)

AST 5.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concept of reactions (Examples: ?)

AST 5.3 - Informational Text  :  Informational Text: Read and analyze information texts about reactions to answer relevant questions.

AST 5.4  :  Classify reactions to Identify patterns in how compounds break apart and recombine.

AST 5.5  :  Translate equations symbols to words and words to symbols.

AST 5.6   :  Fluently communicate and translate between the name and formula of compounds and molecules.

(STEM) ALT 6 - Stoichiometry

Uses mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction.

AST 6.1  :  Plan and conduct an investigation that demonstrates conservation of mass involving the stoichiometry of a balanced chemical equation.

AST 6.2  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints that utilizes the concept of Stoichiometry (Examples: Airbag, Bath fizzies)

AST 6.3 - Informational Text  :  Informational Text: Read and analyze information texts about reactions and conservation of mass to answer relevant questions.

AST 6.4  :  Use mathematical representations to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction.(HS-PS1-7)

AST 6.5   :  Construct an explanation using the law of conservation of mass for the deviation between actual and expected outcomes of an experiment using limiting reagents and percent yield.

(STEM) ALT 7 - Thermochemistry and Bond Energy

Develops and uses models to explain how energy is transferred between systems and surroundings in physical and chemical thermodynamic processes.

AST 7.1  :  Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that the transfer of thermal energy when two components of different temperature are combined within a closed system results in a more uniform energy distribution among the components in the system (second law of thermodynamics) (HS-PS3-4)

AST 7.2 - Engineering Design  :  Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy. (Examples: Hot and cold pack, pop-pop boats, immersion heating device to heat coffee, designing a heating and cooling system)

AST 7.3 - Informational Text  :  Read and analyze informational texts about thermochemistry (bond energy) to answer relevant questions.

AST 7.4  :  Develop a model to illustrate that the release or absorption of energy from a chemical reaction system depends upon the changes in total bond energy.(HS-PS1-4)

AST 7.5  :  Develop and use models to illustrate that energy at the macroscopic scale can be accounted for as a combination of energy associated with the motions of particles (objects) and energy associated with the relative positions of particles (objects) - Focus on bond energy (HS-PS3-2)

(STEM) ALT 8 - Rates and Equilibrium

Makes predictions and construct explanations for the effects of changing reaction conditions on reaction rates and equilibria.

AST 8.1  :  Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.(HS-PS1-5)

AST 8.2  :  Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.(HS-PS1-6)

AST 8.3 - Informational Text  :  I can read and analyze information texts about reaction rates and equilibrium to answer relevant questions.

AST 8.4   :  Explain concept of pH, strong vs weak acids/bases, effects of concentration of hydrogen and hydroxide ions on pH, acid-base neutralization reactions.

(STEM) ALT 9 - Scientific Inquiry

Uses the inquiry process as a controlled and data-driven means to investigate scientific questions.

AST 9.1 - Formulate the Question  :  Formulate the question: Based on observations and science principles, I can formulate a question or hypothesis that can be investigated through the collection and analysis of relevant information.

AST 9.2 - Design the Investigation  :  Design and conduct a controlled experiment, field study, or other investigation to make systematic observations about the natural world, including the collection of sufficient and appropriate data.

AST 9.3 - Collect and Present Data  :  Collect, organize, and display sufficient and appropriate data to facilitate scientific analysis and interpretation.

AST 9.4 - Analyze and Interpret Results  :  Summarize and analyze data to draw a valid and supported conclusion to communicate the findings of an investigation, and identify uncertainties.

AST 9.5 - Knowledge and Technology Progression  :  Explain how technological problems and advances create a demand for new scientific knowledge and how new knowledge enables the creation of new technologies.

(STEM) ALT 10 - Engineering Designs

Uses the engineering design process as an iterative and productive means of problem solving.

AST 10.1 - Identify and Define the Problem  :  Describe a problem to be solved through the process of engineering, describe the relevant principles that relate to the problem, and identify appropriate criteria and constraints for a solution.

AST 10.2 - Generate Possible Solutions  :  Evaluate and select an engineering solution from a range of possible options and defend that solution for testing using trade-offs, criteria, and constraints.

AST 10.3 - Test Solution(s) and Collect Data  :  Test solution(s) by collecting, organizing, and displaying data to facilitate the analysis and interpretation of results.

AST 10.4 - Analyze and Interpret Results  :  Summarize and analyze data, evaluate the proposed solution, identify uncertainties, and suggest design improvements.

AST 10.5 - Impacts of Technology  :  Describe how new technologies enable new lines of scientific inquiry and are largely responsible for changes in how people live and work.