Section 504 is part of the American with Disabilities Act. It is a Federal Civil Rights Law that prohibits discrimination against individuals on the basis of their disability.
To be eligible for 504 students must have a diagnosed physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of their major life activities.
Here are some examples of impairments that can be considered a disability under Section 504: (not a complete list)
asthma, allergies, diabetes, epilepsy, hepatitis, ADD/HD, depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post- traumatic stress disorder, spina bifida, hemophilia, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, cerebral palsy, hearing or vision impairments, specific learning disorder, dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, sensory processing disorder
Here are some examples of major life activities: (not a complete list)
Communicating, concentrating, interacting with others, learning, reading, speaking, thinking, writing, caring for oneself, eating, sleeping, bending, breathing, hearing, seeing, walking, standing, digestive functioning, bowel/bladder functioning, neural functioning, performing manual tasks
To be considered substantially limited a person must be unable to or be significantly restricted in the condition, manner, or duration under which he or she can perform the major life activity compared to an average person.
Eligible students receive protections related to discrimination and discipline, and may receive accommodations to allow them to access their education.